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Retrieved July 31, My colleagues are hardworking, bright and talented people. They do not own substantial stock in their companies and face no risk if things go wrong. LiveStrong has a breakdown of the different ingredients that are used in Medifast meals [8]:. They self-censor personal doubts about the emerging group consensus if they cannot express these doubts in a formal way that conforms with apparent assumptions held by the group. I would like to understand why the 10, doctors backing up this program are WORKING for the company , or that the research has been tested by the company which makes any claims misleading.

Jeffrey S. Litwin, M.D., F.A.C.C.

Janet Jackson

Jackson has a soprano vocal range. Over the course of her career, she has received frequent criticism for the limits of her vocal capabilities, especially in comparison to contemporary artists such as Whitney Houston and Mariah Carey. She's obviously aiming for a sexy, sultry effect, and on one level that works nicely. But actually, it's fairly limited. But the voice is not the star. Biographer David Ritz commented, "on Janet's albums—and in her videos and live performances, which revealed a crisp, athletic dance technique [ Or that they completely dismissed how perfect her tremulous hesitance fits into the abstinence anthem 'Let's Wait Awhile'.

Considine noted "on albums, Jackson's sound isn't defined by her voice so much as by the way her voice is framed by the lush, propulsive production of Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis. She doesn't blow, she whispers Jackson's confectionary vocals are masterfully complemented by gentle harmonies and balanced out by pulsing rhythms, so she's never unpleasant to listen to. Matthew Perpetus of Fluxblog suggested Jackson's vocal techniques as a study for indie rock music, considering it to possess "a somewhat subliminal effect on the listener, guiding and emphasizing dynamic shifts without distracting attention from its primal hooks.

Jackson's music has encompassed a broad range of genres. Her records from the s have been described as being influenced by Prince , as her producers are ex-members of The Time. On Control , Richard J. Ripani documented that she, Jam and Lewis had "crafted a new sound that fuses the rhythmic elements of funk and disco, along with heavy doses of synthesizers, percussion, sound effects, and a rap music sensibility.

Jackson continued her musical development by blending pop and urban music with elements of hip-hop in the nineties. This included a softer representation, articulated by lush, soulful ballads and up-tempo dance beats. Jackson has changed her lyrical focus over the years, becoming the subject of analysis in musicology , African American studies , and gender studies. Her art, also like Marvin's, floated over a reservoir of secret pain. The flame feeds off the most highly combustible elements: During the s, her lyrics embodied self-actualization , feminist principles, and politically driven ideology.

Gaar described Control as "an autobiographical tale about her life with her parents, her first marriage, and breaking free. She challenged audiences to see her as a transformed person, from an ingénue to a grow-up, multi-talented celebrity.

King is still possible, that the American Dream is a dream for all people. On Janet , Jackson began focusing on sexual themes. Shayne Lee wrote that her music over the following decade "brand[ed] her as one of the most sexually stimulating vocalists of the s.

Goren observed "Jackson's evolution from politically aware musician to sexy diva marked the direction that society and the music industry were encouraging the dance-rock divas to pursue. The song "Free Xone" from The Velvet Rope , which portrays same-sex relationships in a positive light, is described by sociologist Shayne Lee as "a rare incident in which a popular black vocalist explores romantic or sensual energy outside the contours of heteronormativity , making it a significant song in black sexual politics.

For me, sex has become a celebration, a joyful part of the creative process. Upon the release of Damita Jo , Jackon stated "Beginning with the earlier albums, exploring—and liberating—my sexuality has been an ongoing discovery and theme," adding "As an artist, that's not only my passion, it's my obligation. Jackson drew inspiration for her music videos and performances from musicals she watched in her youth, and was heavily influenced by the choreography of Fred Astaire and Michael Kidd , among others.

Jackson's dancers but choreography and sets remarkably like those she has used. Janine Coveney of Billboard observed that "Jackson's musical declaration of independence [ Control ] launched a string of hits, an indelible production sound, and an enduring image cemented by groundbreaking video choreography and imagery that pop vocalists still emulate.

Smith-Shomade wrote that "Jackson's impact on the music video sphere came largely through music sales successes, which afforded her more visual liberties and control. This assuming of control directly impacted the look and content of her music videos, giving Jackson an agency not assumed by many other artists—male or female, Black or White.

Media Representations of Dance documents that her videos have often been reminiscent of live concerts or elaborate musical theater. Jackson received the MTV Video Vanguard Award for her contributions to the art form, and became the first recipient of the MTV Icon tribute, celebrating her impact on the music industry as a whole. Independent Journalist Nicholas Barber stated "Janet's concerts are the pop equivalent of a summer blockbuster movie, with all the explosions, special effects, ersatz sentimentality, gratuitous cleavage and emphasis on spectacle over coherence that the term implies.

That's what I grew up on. Up Close and Personal" tour deviated from the full-scale theatrics found in her previous concert arena settings in favor of smaller venues. Critics noted being scaled down did not affect the impact of her showmanship, and in some cases, enhanced it.

Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune wrote, "In past tours, Jackson's thin voice was often swallowed up by the sheer size of her production In the more scaled-down setting, Jackson brought a warmth and a passion that wasn't always evident in stadiums But she refused to say what percentage of her concert 'voice' is taped and how much is live. Similarly, Chris Willman commented, "even a classically trained vocalist would be hard-pressed to maintain any sort of level of volume—or, more appropriately, 'Control'—while bounding up and down stairs and whipping limbs in unnatural directions at impeccable, breakneck speed.

Up Close and Personal" tour, she forewent lip-syncing. Jackson describes Lena Horne as a profound inspiration, for entertainers of several generations as well as herself. Upon Horne's death, she stated "[Horne] brought much joy into everyone's lives—even the younger generations, younger than myself.

She was such a great talent. She opened up such doors for artists like myself. Jackson has declared herself "a very big Joni Mitchell fan", explaining "As a kid I was drawn to Joni Mitchell records [ Personally, Tina doesn't seem to have a beginning or an end in my life. I felt her music was always there, and I feel like it always will be. In her early career, Jackson credited her brothers Michael and Jermaine as musical influences. The youngest sister of the "precious Jackson clan", [] Janet Jackson has striven to distance her professional career from that of her older brother Michael and the rest of the Jackson family.

Steve Dollar of Newsday wrote that "[s]he projects that home girl-next-door quality that belies her place as the youngest sibling in a family whose inner and outer lives have been as poked at, gossiped about, docudramatized and hard-copied as the Kennedys.

Emerging in just as big brother Michael was casting his longest shadow, Jackson filled her albums not so much with songs as with declarations, from 'The Pleasure Principle' to the radical-sounding 'Rhythm Nation' to the telling statement of purpose, 'Control'. Steve Huey of Allmusic asserted that despite being born into a family of entertainers, Janet Jackson has managed to emerge a " superstar " in her own right, rivaling not only several female recording artists including Madonna and Whitney Houston, but also her brother, while "successfully [shifting] her image from a strong, independent young woman to a sexy, mature adult.

Jackson has also been recognized for playing a pivotal role in crossing racial boundaries in the recording industry, where black artists were once considered to be substandard.

When black artists cross over into pop success they cease to be black in the industry sense of the word. They get promoted from racialized black music to universal pop music in an economically driven process of racial transcendence.

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge documented that Jackson, along with other prominent African-American women, had achieved financial breakthroughs in mainstream popular music, receiving "superstar status" in the process. She, alongside her contemporaries "offered viable creative, intellectual, and business paths for establishing and maintaining agency, lyrical potency, marketing and ownership.

Simon Reynolds described Jackson's collaborations with her record producers as a reinvention of the dance-pop genre, introducing a new sonic palate.

Her artistic brilliance and personal appeal transcend geographic, cultural and generational boundaries. In March , Business Wire reported "Janet Jackson is one of the top ten selling artists in the history of contemporary music; ranked by Billboard magazine as the ninth most successful act in rock and roll history, and the second most successful female artist in pop music history.

Virgin Records executive Lee Trink expressed: She's one of those gifted artists that people look up to, that people emulate, that people want to believe in Sarah Rodman of the Boston Herald remarked: So when you're thinking of asking Miss Jackson, 'What have you done for me lately? The marriage was annulled in November The marriage was kept a secret until the split was announced. In January , the couple separated and were divorced in The couple became engaged and married privately in In April , it was announced that the couple had separated and were pursuing a divorce.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 16 September For her self-titled album, see Janet Jackson album. Singer songwriter dancer actress record producer film producer businesswoman philanthropist author. Wissam Al Mana m. Joe Jackson Katherine Jackson. List of awards and nominations received by Janet Jackson , Janet Jackson as gay icon , and List of artists influenced by Janet Jackson.

List of awards and nominations received by Janet Jackson. Honorific nicknames in popular music List of artists who reached number one in the United States List of best-selling music artists List of best-selling music artists in the United States List of best-selling singles worldwide List of highest-grossing concert tours. Retrieved April 8, Retrieved 7 September Archived from the original on July 8, Conrad Murray for Michael's Death".

Retrieved July 20, Retrieved September 20, On her sexuality, spirituality, failed marriages, and lessons learned". Retrieved September 3, Retrieved July 21, Retrieved October 29, Archived from the original on January 10, Retrieved September 6, Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved August 21, Archived from the original on April 30, Retrieved April 18, Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation Archived from the original on September 13, Retrieved November 11, Retrieved June 9, Retrieved December 13, Northwest Top 10 Video Count-Down".

The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, Retrieved April 9, Retrieved July 28, The Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved November 10, Archived from the original on May 2, Retrieved September 9, Rolling Stone published August 19, Archived from the original on April 9, Retrieved June 13, Hollywood Foreign Press Association.

Archived from the original on July 13, Retrieved September 18, Archived from the original on December 23, Retrieved July 23, The Queen of Pop: Michael could lose his crown to his hot little sister". An age of innocence may be at an end as Michael Jackson, the Peter Pan of pop, confronts accusations that he sexually abused one of his young friends".

The Ultimate Collection booklet. Retrieved May 22, Retrieved April 5, Retrieved April 17, Archived from the original on February 11, Retrieved July 7, They don't call it jackpot for nothing.

Are they worth all that cash? Retrieved April 20, Retrieved January 16, Retrieved October 14, Retrieved May 13, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on June 13, Retrieved January 13, Retrieved February 19, Give her enough rope Archived from the original on May 3, Archived from the original on June 8, Retrieved June 10, The Velvet Rope" Press release.

Archived from the original on September 27, Retrieved March 9, Retrieved June 29, Smith, Hill Top World Awards". Archived from the original on November 29, Retrieved September 16, Diary of a decade". Retrieved September 28, Retrieved February 16, Archived from the original on February 1, Retrieved January 29, Retrieved January 4, Retrieved June 18, Archived from the original on December 10, Retrieved April 11, Retrieved August 16, Retrieved January 30, Retrieved October 15, Janet Jackson's "Damita Jo" album gets lost in the lust".

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Retrieved October 1, Unbreakable review — sunny serenity on reflective 11th album". Retrieved October 8, Retrieved October 11, Retrieved April 6, Retrieved May 1, Retrieved September 11, Retrieved November 27, Retrieved September 12, Archived from the original on August 16, Retrieved July 31, Scheurer , Born in the USA: Retrieved March 7, The Videos — music DVD reviews".

Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved December 25, At the crossroads", Ebony , 56 1 , p. Smith-Shomade , Shaded Lives: Twenge , Generation Me: Retrieved August 1, Janet Jackson gets lost in her own limelight", The Independent , p. Retrieved July 4, So little is she trading off the fame of her brother, so completely has she become her own thing, she has all but abandoned the family name.

A surprising number of the new superstars were black. This was perhaps the first hint that the greater cosmopolitanism of a world market might produce some changes in the complexion of popular music. African-American women and television , Rutgers University Press, p. Retrieved October 16, Archived from the original on November 8, Retrieved September 8, The Godson of Soul , Simon and Schuster, p.

Retrieved January 20, Rivals or not, the stars share surprising similarities", The Atlanta Journal and Constitution , p. Downing also lent support to responsibility, strategy, capital investment, expansion and financial training. In addition, he led a team responsible for the overall financial health of projects, including profitability, revenue recognition, cash flow, invoicing, and financial training for project managers and their teams.

Before joining Covance, Mr. Greg Barrett leads worldwide software and platform development for MedAvante-ProPhase, supporting clinical science and signal detection capabilities.

He joined the company in April , bringing 30 years of information technology experience. In his role as Global IT Leader for Covance, he oversaw team members supporting five business units with applications, architecture, business engagement and computer systems validation.

As Vice President of Regulatory and Quality Assurance since she has been responsible for evaluating activities of regulatory significance and ensuring that quality standards and regulatory requirements are implemented and maintained throughout the organization while leading audit teams in successful completion of more than 60 customer audits without a single significant finding.

Widely recognized for her achievements in organizational leadership, Ms. Wilmer is often sought for advice and collaboration and asked to share her expertise with professionals worldwide through networking and consulting.

Wilmer worked for more than 20 years in health care where she developed expertise in regulation interpretation. At Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey, she successfully developed and managed health care policies and administrative procedures to ensure compliance with regulatory agencies and other standards for a network of over 10, providers.

She has developed recruitment, contracting, and retention strategies for employees, physicians, and ancillary providers. He also has a strong background and interest in psychometrics and neurocognitive assessment, having worked for over 20 years as a consultant on test development, including the revisions of the Wechsler intelligence and memory scales.

Randolph is Clinical Professor of Neurology and Director of the Neuropsychology service at Loyola University Medical Center and is board-certified in clinical neuropsychology. Before joining MedAvante-ProPhase in July , he held the position External Clinical Innovation Leader at Roche, where he was responsible for developing, integrating and operationalizing strategic innovations throughout drug development.

Prior to that post, he was Vice President, Project Management, Americas for the clinical research organization PRA HealthSciences, leading a team of clinical research professionals covering all therapeutic areas. He also held senior project management and operations posts at Worldwide Clinical Trials, Inc. Cioffi holds the B. Detke is a psychiatrist with more than 20 years of research experience and extensive clinical and drug development expertise.

This role included registration and regulatory commitment trials for Cymbalta, including major depressive disorder, diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain, generalized anxiety disorder, fibromyalgia and chronic pain, as well as pediatric trials. Detke teaches and supervises medical students and residents as Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at Indiana University School of Medicine.

He trained in medicine and psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and at the Mt. Detke has published more than 60 manuscripts in peer-reviewed journals since Williams has more than 30 years of clinical research experience in both industry and academia. She is now Professor Emerita at Columbia University. Williams is well known in the field for her development of psychiatric classifications and instruments to measure psychopathology.

She is the author of more than scholarly publications and serves on the editorial boards of several psychiatric and social work journals. She has received numerous awards for her achievements and contributions in social work and psychiatry. His research groups also led development programs for the analgesic drug tapentadol, the long-acting antipsychotic agent paliperidone palmitate, and other potential treatments for CNS disorders.

Kobak is a psychologist with more than 30 years of clinical research experience in both industry and university medical settings. Throughout his career, he has focused on clinical assessment, rater training, rating scale development and clinical trials methodology. Kobak founded the consultancy Research Training Associates, where he developed new methodologies for training and calibrating raters in clinical trials using digital technologies.

Kobak managed a clinical trials unit and pioneered the use of computer-administered rating scales in clinical trials. He authored computer-administered versions of several clinician-administered rating scales, including depression and anxiety scales that are widely used today, and a computer-administered version of the PRIME-MD, a diagnostic interview that was published in JAMA.

Kobak received several NIMH grants to develop and study rater training methodology for depression, schizophrenia, and autism. Negash serves as the scientific lead bridging research and operations to ensure MedAvante-ProPhase clinical trial services are implemented successfully from a scientific and service delivery perspective.

Her work has focused on investigating factors associated with successful cognitive aging, including lifestyle factors such as cognitive activity, and on developing interventions that enhance cognitive fitness in older adults. She also studies successful cognitive aging in minority populations, particularly African-Americans.

Her other area of work focuses on examining implicit and explicit learning and memory systems in healthy aging and in mild cognitive impairment. Kane has been the principal investigator for research projects focusing on schizophrenia, psychobiolgy and treatment, recovery, and improving quality and cost of care. He is the author of over peer-reviewed papers and serves on the editorial boards of numerous journals. Sue Vallow is a patient-reported outcomes PRO scientist with more than 20 years of experience developing and implementing patient-focused outcomes strategies and capabilities in numerous therapeutic areas with a specialty in CNS trials.

She is a co-author of more than 20 peer-reviewed papers and more than 70 research posters and presentations. Sofija Jovic is focused on the strategic combination of MedAvante-ProPhase as the thought leader in using measurement science and data quality to transform clinical trials. Jovic guided the transformation from a four-person start-up to a global industry leader in collaboration with ProPhase founder Dr.

Jovic started her career as a clinical psychologist: Jovic has published in peer-reviewed journals and presented scientific papers at professional and industry conferences. His academic research focuses on the etiology, phenomenology, and treatment of serious and persistent mental disorders.

He has co-authored over 40 peer-reviewed publications and has contributed to multiple book chapters and review articles on schizophrenia and mental health research. Lord-Bessen oversees MedAvante-ProPhase Clinical Data Analytics services including data management, statistics, and psychometric activities, including consultation on the development and validation of new Clinician-Reported and Patient-Reported Outcomes as well as the conversion of existing assessments to electronic format.

Lord-Bessen has over twenty years of experience in statistics and measurement. Twelve board members from leading universities and research institutions provide counsel and guidance to MedAvante-ProPhase on initiatives relating to mood, anxiety, schizophrenia, and other psychiatric disorders.

Co-chaired by John M. Richard Feinberg Chair in Schizophrenia Research. Eleven top leaders from major Japanese universities and research institutions provide their expertise to enhance the ability to collect high-quality research data with less error and greater signal detection. At MedAvante-ProPhase, we look for colleagues who combine talent with a powerful desire to change healthcare for the better and ensure that effective therapies make it to the patients who need them.

This is the mission uniting the clinicians, scientists, technologists, and operations experts whose mix of energy, inventiveness, and skill drives not only MedAvante-ProPhase but the entire WIRB-Copernicus Group family of companies in a relentless quest to improve clinical trials.

What do you do at MedAvante-ProPhase? As a member of the Business Development team, I am responsible for overseeing the creation of our responses to requests for information and proposals from drug development sponsors planning clinical trials. I also serve as a subject matter expert on clinical and technical aspects of our service solutions. Why did you decide to work at MedAvante-ProPhase?

What do you like best about your job? MedAvante-ProPhase lacks the layers of hierarchy that can kill good ideas or contributions from different departments, and our entire team is determined to stay on the forefront of signal detection and clinical trial technology.

What are your colleagues like? Hard working, open and approachable. They like to be challenged, and they constantly push the limits of their comfort zone to ensure that quality of service is the first thing any customer remembers.

What impact has working at MedAvante-ProPhase had on you? My job is to perform live clinical psychiatric interviews by phone and video conferencing with study subjects participating in clinical trials. I also review documents and recordings of neuropsychological and psychiatric assessments conducted by other clinicians to provide feedback on scoring and administration.

I found in MedAvante-ProPhase a great place to use my behavioral health experience in a clinical trials setting, as well as a perfect fit for my years of face-to-face counseling, neuropsychological assessments, and phone work at an employee assistance program provider. I like the excellent training, as well as the opportunity to work with a dedicated group of professionals.

I have worked a number of places in my career before MedAvante-ProPhase but I never met a more caring and dedicated group of employees as I have here. While I work in the office, I feel just as connected to my peers who work remotely. The learning at MedAvante-ProPhase for me started on day one, and has never stopped.

As the company grows, so does my ability to gain further skills as a clinician and professional in different research areas. I administer the adjudication process for large global studies by tracking cases, contacting sites for needed information, and assembling and storing the required documentation.

I come from the medical field, having graduated as a Medical Doctor in Dominican Republic. I really love the flexibility that makes my work very convenient for me and my family. I also like the way our multicultural team all treats each other with respect and I enjoy working with colleagues from around the world.

In our department we are very diverse in culture, beliefs and opinions, but there is something common in all of us and that is the respect and the compassion we all have. My colleagues really care about each other and are willing to help and support. Working here has helped me take personal responsibility for learning and development, and increased my understanding that there is a lot more to do in the pharma world.

I interact with people from all over the world in my job, exchanging information, optimizing various processes, and, most importantly, providing high quality technical support and customer service to our clinical trial sites. The nature of our work is such that I am constantly learning new things, and I must steadily exercise and develop my skills. When I first came across the MedAvante-ProPhase job opening, I knew the skills I had acquired during my career up to that point would make me a strong candidate.

On the other hand, medical research was a completely new field for me. Therefore, the job was both a good fit and a big challenge for me. I had to apply. Every day is interesting and challenging, it might be a bit hard, but it is never boring. I love being trusted to oversee and carry out projects with my co-workers.

It makes me feel part of a team and boosts my confidence. My colleagues are hardworking, bright and talented people. We work as a team. Each one of us tries our best to produce a collective result that is optimal for our company and for our clients. My co-workers have my back, as I have theirs.

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