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Zimbabwe's government criticized over cholera outbreak Zimbabwe's government criticized over cholera outbreak that has killed 25, spread from capital. Blumenfeld gblumenfeld tactix. My 50th birthday was in sight, and I felt even older than that. Infection, electrocution and injury: Metformin has little or no effect on body weight in type 2 diabetes compared with placebo ,  in contrast to sulfonylureas which are associated with weight gain. Metformin treatment decreases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in women with PCOS who exhibited impaired glucose tolerance IGT at baseline. I knew this was where I wanted to grow, and these were the people I wanted to learn from.
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Magnesium and Potassium levels were close to the 75th percentile of U. The DASH diet was designed to provide liberal amounts of key nutrients thought to play a part in lowering blood pressure, based on past epidemiologic studies.
One of the unique features of the DASH study was that dietary patterns rather than single nutrients were being tested. Researchers have also found that the DASH diet is more effective than a low oxalate diet in the prevention and treatment of kidney stones, specifically calcium oxalate kidney stones the most common type. Participants ate one of the three aforementioned dietary patterns in 3 separate phases of the trial, including 1 Screening, 2 , Run-in and 3 Intervention.
In the screening phase, participants were screened for eligibility based on the combined results of blood pressure readings. In the 3 week run-in phase, each subject was given the control diet for 3 weeks, had their blood pressure measurements taken on each of five separate days, gave one hour urine sample and completed a questionnaire on symptoms.
At this point, subjects who were compliant with the feeding program during the screening phase were each randomly assigned to one of the three diets outlined above, to begin at the start of the 4th week. The intervention phase followed next; this was an 8-week period in which the subjects were provided the diet to which they had been randomly assigned.
The first group of study subjects began the run-in phase of the trial in September while the fifth and final group began in January Alcohol was limited to no more than two beverages per day, and caffeine intake was limited to no more than three caffeinated beverages.
The minority portion of the study sample and the hypertensive portion both showed the largest reductions in blood pressure from the combination diet against the control diet. The hypertensive subjects experienced a drop of At the end of the intervention phase, Apart from only one subject on the control diet who was suffering from cholecystitis, other gastrointestinal symptoms had a low rate of incidence. Like the previous study, it was based on a large sample participants and was a multi-center, randomized, outpatient feeding study where the subjects were given all their food.
The day intervention phase followed, in which subjects ate their assigned diets at each of the aforementioned sodium levels high, intermediate and low in random order, in a crossover design. The primary outcome of the DASH-Sodium study was systolic blood pressure at the end of the day dietary intervention periods. The secondary outcome was diastolic blood pressure. Study results indicate that the quantity of dietary sodium in the control diet was twice as powerful in its effect on blood pressure as it was in the DASH diet.
As stated by Sacks, F. The DASH diet and the control diet at the lower salt levels were both successful in lowering blood pressure, but the largest reductions in blood pressure were obtained by eating a combination of these two i. The hypertensive subjects experienced an average reduction of The beauty of Weight Watchers was, and is, that it works, and therein lies the irony: Weight Watchers was created by Jean Nidetch, a s overweight housewife who was mistakenly taken for pregnant ouch!
But right off the bat, millions could relate as a working woman, mother, and wife; trust was built-in, in my opinion. If a squad of scientists had come up with the concept, it may not have caught on.
Like we all do every day to keep our lives on track plans, budgets, schedules, management; the CEO of the family. She lost and gained, lost and gained. Then after being on a diet recommended by health officials, Jean had an epiphany and figured out what would work. Her idea was to encourage women to combine then-relevant nutritional science with exercise, and that meant moving your body beyond the routine daily activities of a working mother working is working, people.
Most women have two, or more, jobs! But there was one more Nidetch ingredient, the one that made Weight Watchers what it became: Weight Watchers meetings the first one was in a NYC pizzeria! The idea was simple yet inspired.
A community, a fellowship, an alliance of weight-watchers in solidarity: In my first experience with Weight Watchers, I lost 23 pounds in three months; I still feel proud of that today. I did my first go-round of Weight Watchers with my sister.
She and I—with around twenty other women and the occasional man —met in a church basement on Saturday mornings. The Points system had recently been introduced, and for me it worked. Nidetch had done something revolutionary but uncomplicated: Over the years, I have attended meetings with three different cheerleading leaders; two were great, and one was just too much for me.
Weight Watchers implemented a points system in the s, where foods were given a numerical value based on nutritional profile. So then, how does Weight Watchers work?
Starting from the beginning, the program included a very specific eating system and over the years there have been a number of iterations. But the introduction of the original Weight Watchers Points system —currently referred to as SmartPoints—kicked the specifics into super-user-friendly.
It came into being from Weight Watchers Limited in the United Kingdom, where two women invented, developed, and patented the Points system calculator. Using an algorithm that calculated calories, fats, proteins, and carbs, it would have a couple of iterations, too, as more was learned about nutrition and exercise science.
But the underlying system, of counting foods as values based on nutrition, was genius then and it remains the cornerstone today.
The newest program, launched in , is dubbed Beyond the Scale. Weight Watchers says it wants people to not diet per se, but adopt a Weight Watchers lifestyle:. Our proven program is not a diet. Yes, you will lose weight. The current program is pretty simple, in that every food has a value. SmartPoints are calculated based on calories, saturated fat, sugar, and protein. You simply adhere to your allotted points.
There are no forbidden foods. And that phrase alone is for some the ah-ha! Weight Watchers explains that it takes the complex nutritional information of a food and gives it a single number—the SmartPoints value—so people can make smarter food choices while eating the stuff they like to eat. Well, some of it anyway. And, each week you get bonus points—which, when I did Weight Watchers in my last go-round, I banked and then pigged out on Friday nights.
Just Ben, Jerry, and me. Anyway, the idea of points is smart, easy, and doable. And I mean not just parking further away from the store entrance. Get your heart rate up and keep it up with fat-burning, good-for-your-heart exercise. I swim albeit not enough. You can walk, run, jog, row, climb, spin, bike, step, jump, skip, kick—you get the idea.
And do it at least 30 minutes every day—or at least most days of the week—as best as you can fit in your already ridiculously hectic life. Actually, make it your time; take 30 minutes, put headphones on, and do it. And, it turns out, even during the most seemingly mundane of tasks, you earn FitPoints which you add to your total points for the day.
FitPoints is also a smart idea. Weight Watchers explains it this way:. FIT is about getting back in touch with your body. Weight Watchers has several dozen videos, workouts, demos, fitness plans, and challenges. And all of this can be managed on a handy, popular app. The Weight Watchers mobile app for smartphones and devices helps dieters to track weight loss progress, manage SmartPoints and FitPoints, shop for and plan meals, and offers social networking with other members.
Every step you take, every bite you eat, kept track of. The mobile app for Android has almost , reviews on Google Play with an overall rating of 4. Reviewers find it easy to use, convenient, and it helps dieters stay on track. Similarly, on iTunes, more than 2, real people reviewed the current iteration of the app and gave it a close to 5 stars.
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