Edgar Cayce Foundation
REPLACE supports governments to ensure the prompt, complete, and sustained elimination of industrially-produced trans fat from the food supply. Treatments were generally unaffordable, costing as much as 15 days wages for a course of the antibiotic ceftriaxone. An internship is optional for the students in the Kinesiology major with a concentration in Kinesiology and Health Science. WHO Member States and all relevant stakeholders are invited to comment. The Gentler Mint Oil Invigorating and relaxing, spearmint oil offers a wide range of benefits, such as helping ease headaches, alleviating nausea and more. To achieve this goal, the admission policy is designed to identify those students most likely to succeed in kinesiology education. A study and application of principles and concepts related to designing exercise programs.
Delicious, crunchy, and nutty peanuts are one of the popular oilseeds known to humankind since centuries. The kernels enriched with many noteworthy health-benefiting nutrients essential for optimum health and wellness. They are actually legumes but carry almost all the qualities of other popular edible nuts such as pistachio , almonds , etc.
Botanically, they are small sized, underground fruit pods of a plant belonging to the Fabaceae family, in the genus, Arachis. Some of the common names are groundnut, earthnuts, etc. Summer Special Nuts and Seeds: Peanut is a small annual dicotyledon herb growing up to a foot above the ground.
It is thought to have originated in the Central Americas and from where it spread to rest of the world through Spanish explorers. Today, it is one of the widely cultivated oilseeds and established principal commercial crop in China, India, African nations, and the United States of America. Peanut plant takes approximately to days to produce the crop after sowing its seed.
The process of peanut development is quite interesting! Its yellow flowers, after self-pollination, develop into "ovaries" called pedicels , which elongate rapidly to turn downward to bury several inches deep underground, from where the fruits develop into peanut pods we know.
To harvest, the entire plant including roots dug out of the soil. Each plant may hold fruit pods. The pods have a thick, wrinkled outer shell with constrictions as in bean pods. Each peanut kernel is covered with a papery thin, brown layer and can be split into two halves as in any other legumes.
Bambara groundnuts Vigna subterranea L. Verdc are different from American peanuts Arachis hypogaea in that they appear somewhat like round cowpeas. Bambara groundnuts are indeed one of the popular legume crops in many African regions, providing much-needed protein, fat and other essential nutrients of vegetable origin.
Peanuts are rich in energy calories per g and contain health benefiting nutrients, minerals, antioxidants and vitamins that are essential for optimum health. They compose sufficient levels of monounsaturated fatty acids MUFA , especially oleic acid. Research studies suggest that the Mediterranean diet which is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids help prevent coronary artery disease and stroke risk by favoring healthy serum lipid profile.
Peanut kernels are a good source of dietary protein; compose fine quality amino acids that are essential for growth and development. Research studies have shown that peanuts contain high concentrations of polyphenolic antioxidants, primarily p-coumaric acid. This compound has been thought to reduce the risk of stomach cancer by limiting the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamines in the stomach. Peanuts are an excellent source of resveratrol, another polyphenolic antioxidant.
Furthermore, studies suggest that resveratrol may reduce stroke risk through altering molecular mechanisms in the blood vessels reducing susceptibility to vascular damage through decreased activity of angiotensin, a systemic hormone responsible for blood vessel constriction that would elevate blood pressure , and by increasing production of vasodilator hormone, nitric oxide.
It has been found that boiled peanuts have two and four-fold increase in isoflavone antioxidants biochanin-A and genistein content, respectively. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry.
The nuts are packed with many important B-complex groups of vitamins such as riboflavin, niacin, thiamin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B-6, and folates. The nuts are a rich source of minerals like copper, manganese, potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium.
Just a handful of peanuts per day provide enough recommended levels of phenolic antioxidants, minerals, vitamins, and protein. Fennel symbolizes longevity, courage, and strength. In addition to its use as medicinal values, fennel has many health benefiting nutrients, essential compounds, antioxidants, dietary fiber, minerals, and vitamins.
Fennel seeds indeed contain numerous flavonoid anti-oxidants like kaempferol and quercetin. These compounds function as powerful antioxidants by removing harmful free radicals from the body thus offer protection from cancers, infection, aging and degenerative neurological diseases. Like in caraway, fennel seeds also are a rich source of dietary fiber. Much of this roughage is metabolically inert insoluble fiber, which helps increase the bulk of the food by absorbing water throughout the digestive system and easing constipation problems.
Further, dietary fibers bind to bile salts produced from cholesterol and decrease their re-absorption in the colon. It thus helps lower serum LDL cholesterol levels. Together with flavonoid anti-oxidants, fiber composition of fennel helps protect the colon mucosa from cancers. Fennel seeds compose of health-benefiting volatile essential oil compounds such as anethole, limonene, anisic aldehyde, pinene, myrcene, fenchone, chavicol, and cineole.
These active principles in the fennel are known to have antioxidant, digestive, carminative, and anti-flatulent properties.
Fennel seeds concentrated source of minerals like copper, iron, calcium, potassium, manganese, selenium, zinc, and magnesium. Copper is essential for the production of red blood cells. Iron is required for red blood cell formation. Zinc is a co-factor in many enzymes that regulate growth and development, sperm generation, digestion and nucleic acid synthesis. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.
The human body uses manganese as a cofactor for the important antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Furthermore, fennel seeds indeed are the storehouse for many vital vitamins. Vitamin-A, vitamin-E, vitamin-C as well as many B-complex vitamins like thiamin, pyridoxine, riboflavin and niacin particularly are concentrated in these seeds. Fennel seeds are available year around in the markets either in the form of seeds or processed ground form.
In the store, buy whole fennel seeds instead of powder since oftentimes it may contain adulterated spicy powders. Store dry fennel seeds as you do in case of other seeds like caraway, dill, etc. Place whole seeds in a clean air-seal container and store in cool, humid free and dark place. Ground and powdered fennel should be stored in the refrigerator in airtight containers and should be used sooner since it loses flavor quickly due to evaporation of its essential oils. Fennel seed decoction or added as a spice in food has been found to increase breast milk secretion in nursing mothers.
Fennel seeds exude anise -like sweet fruity aroma when rubbed between fingers. Its herb parts, including tender growing tips, root-bulb, dried stalks, and seeds are used extensively in a wide variety of cuisines all over the world. In order to keep their fragrance and flavor intact, fennel is generally ground just before preparing dishes, or whole seeds gently toasted under light-heat before using them in a recipe.
Fennel seed widely used as a savory spice. It is one of the ingredient in popular Chinese five spice mixture along with Star anise , cinnamon , sichuan peppercorns and cloves. In India, its seeds are being used as part of curry powder Bengali paanch pooran.