Bird anatomy
Esophagus The esophagus is a flexible tube that connects the mouth with the rest of the digestive tract. Myeloid Myeloid immune system Lymphoid Lymphoid immune system. This exchange is very efficient in birds for a number of reasons. The avian pulmonary system uses "flow-through ventilation," relying on a set of nine flexible air sacs that act like bellows to move air through the almost completely rigid lungs. When bait acceptance is good, they should eat about 10 pounds of grain per hundred birds per day. A Medial view of the lung of a domestic chicken Gallus gallus domesticus.


Gastrointestinal tract

Please see the "Secondary Hazard and Mortality" section for details. Are birds affected by Avitrol in pain? Research has been conducted by a number of different researchers including adversarial groups that have all come to the same conclusion that birds affected by Avitrol do not feel any pain. Research studies prepared by the Department of Pathology of the University of Ottawa, are available here. With what birds may Avitrol be used? Avitrol may be used to control: Does Avitrol pose a threat to other species?

If not applied correctly, yes. Avitrol is toxic to all vertebrate species that eat the chemical. It is important to go through our certification courses to learn the right way to apply our product so that only pest birds are exposed. Is there secondary poisoning with Avitrol? Avitrol has no true secondary poisoning. It is possible that if an animal were to eat undigested bait from a bird's digestive tract that it might be affected. In our 50 years as a business, we have never had reports of this occurring.

Fish and Wildlife Secondary Hazards Report is available here for more information. Mortality questions This section will specifically address questions related to the possility of bird mortality when baiting. How many factors affect bird mortality?

There are 4 factors that could possibly affect bird mortality. They are provided in the answers below. Generally a combination of early morning baiting, cold weather, and high ratio of treated to untreated will increase mortality, but will also give quicker flock control. The time of day the chemical is ingested. Birds eating the treated bait after feeding may have: This may cause problems if birds die away from the treatment site.

The blend ratio of treated to untreated grains: The colder the weather, the higher the mortality. When it is cold, a bird's metabolism is higher and they will eat more. This will cause more active ingredient to get into a bird's system more quickly. The general health of the flock and competing food sources.

Avitrol Use The next 2 sections are dedicated to a brief explanation of how Avitrol to generally use Avitrol. Survey the site in accordance with NPMA survey recommendations. The Raticator Here is a safe, humane, non-poisonous way to protect your aviary from from rats and mice. The Raticator will also help protect you and your family from the dangers of Hantavirus and other rodent-spread diseases. This item was formerly known as the Ratzapper. These high-quality products are designed to provide a reliable breeding environment for snakes, geckos, bearded dragons, and other reptiles.

General Safety Here is the common-sense approach to keeping your bird safe. The author discusses subjects from clipping wings to buying toys wisely. Even experienced bird owners should read this article. Foundation for a Healthy Bird A bird suffering from malnutrition will eventually die from organ failure or from secondary bacterial or viral infections that plague a compromised immune system.

Prevent Heavy Metal Poisoning Parrots like to chew on everything, including things that are dangerous to them. Check their environment for items that contain lead, zinc, brass, and copper. These metals can kill or greatly harm your bird. Please read this important article. How to Manage Feather Picking Does your parrot pluck at his feathers? Most caged birds seem prone to feather picking, but the condition can be treated and prevented. This article sheds light on the causes and remedies of feather picking.

Vitamin A Deficiency Vitamin A deficiency affects the cells that line the respiratory, reproductive, and digestive tracts. As a result, birds can die from secondary infections caused by a weakened immune system and the inability of the bird to heal itself. Bird Care Guide Must-Reading for those of you who are considering adding a bird to your family.

Another Bird Care Guide More required reading for the new bird owner. This article supplements and reinforces the information contained in the bird care article listed above. Avian Health Care Tips Dr. Print out this chart that lists plants, fruits, vegetables and household items that can be dangerous to your bird. Safe Plants for Birds This is the companion article to the one above.

Here is a list of plants that are safe for your bird, at least in reasonable quantities. Egg Binding in Birds Egg binding is the inability of a bird to pass a developed or partially developed egg. The author of this article believes that nutrition is at the root of egg binding problems.

Although the breeder may provide the bird with calcium from a variety of sources, the problem may be the inability of the bird to metabolize the calcium that is readily available in the diet.

Bird House Placement and Care Here's an article about the care and placement of your bird house. Although not a problem for most bird owners, bird dust and feather particles can cause serious damage to lungs. This article by a veterinarian explains why caffeine is so toxic. How Clean is Clean?

Parts of a Chicken Digestive Tract