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Properly educated, that group might be able to help catalyze an energy effort that can overcome the obstacles. That envisioned group may help humanity in many ways, but my primary goal is manifesting those technologies in the public sphere in a way that nobody risks life or livelihood.

Here is a brief sum mary of this essay. Ever since life first appeared more than three billion years ago and about a billion years after the Sun and Earth formed, organisms have continually invented more effective methods to acquire, preserve, and use energy. Complex life appeared after three billion years of evolution and, pound-for-pound, it used energy , times as fast as the Sun produced it.

The story of life on Earth has been one of evolutionary events impacted by geophysical and geochemical processes , and in turn influencing them. During the eon of complex life that began more than million years ago, there have been many brief golden ages of relative energy abundance for some fortunate species, soon followed by increased energy competition, a relatively stable struggle for energy, and then mass extinction events cleared biomes and set the stage for another golden age by organisms adapted to the new environments.

Those newly dominant organisms were often marginal or unremarkable members of their ecosystems before the mass extinction. That pattern has characterized the journey of complex life over the past several hundred million years.

Intelligence began increasing among some animals, which provided them with a competitive advantage. The oldest stone tools yet discovered are about 3. About two million years later, the human line evolved to the point where behaviorally modern humans appeared, left Africa , and conquered all inhabitable continents.

After all the easy meat was extinct and the brief Golden Age of the Hunter-Gatherer ended, population pressures led to the Third Epochal Event: That event led to civilization, and many features of the human journey often argued to be human nature, such as slavery and the subjugation of women , were merely artifacts of the energy regime and societal structure of agrarian civilizations.

Early civilizations were never stable; their energy practices were largely based on deforestation and agriculture, usually on the deforested soils , and such civilizations primarily collapsed due to their unsustainable energy production methods. Europeans thereby began conquering the world. During that conquest, one imperial contender turned to fossil fuels after its woodlands were depleted by early industrialization.

As E uropeans conquered Earth, elites, who first appeared with the first civilizations , could begin thinking in global terms for the first time, and a global power structure began developing. Toda y, industrialized humanity is almost wholly dependent on the energy provided by hydrocarbon fuels that were created by geological processes operating on the remains of organisms , and humanity is mining and burning those hydrocarbon deposits about a million times as fast as they were created.

We are reaching peak extraction rates but, more importantly, we have already discovered all of the easily acquired hydrocarbons. It is merely the latest instance of humanity's depleting its energy resources, in which the dregs were mined after the easily acquired energy was consumed.

The megafauna extinctions created the energy crisis that led to domestication and civilization , and the energy crisis of early industrialization led to using hydrocarbon energy , and the energy crisis of attracted my fellow travelers and me to alternative energy.

However, far more often over the course of the human journey, depleting energy resources led to population collapses and even local extinctions of humans in remote locations. Expanding and collapsing populations have characterized rising and falling polities during the past several thousand years, ever since the first civilizations appeared. Today, humanity stands on the brink of the abyss , and almost nobody seems to know or care. Humanity is a tunnel-visioned, egocentric species, and almost all people are only concerned about their immediate self-interest and are oblivious of what lies ahead.

Not all humans are so blind, and biologists and climate scientists , among others intimately familiar with the impacts of global civilization, are terrified by what humanity is inflicting onto Earth. Even th e ultra-elites who run Earth from the shadows readily see how their game of chicken with Earth may turn out. Their more extreme members advocate terraforming Mars as their ultimate survival enclave if their games of power and control make Earth uninhabitable. But the saner members, who may now be a majority of that global cabal , favor the dissemination of those sequestered technologies.

I am nearly certain that members of that disenchanted faction are those who gave my close friend an underground technology demonstration and who would quietly cheer our efforts when I worked with my former partner. They may also be subtly supporting my current efforts, of which this essay comprises a key component, but I have not heard from them and am not counting on them to save the day or help my efforts garner success.

Humanity can then live, for the first time, in an epoch of true and sustainable abundance. It could also halt the Sixth Mass Extinction and humanity could turn Earth into something resembling heaven.

With t he Fifth Epochal Event, humanity will become a space-faring species, and a future will beckon that nobody on Earth today can truly imagine, just as nobody on Earth could predict how the previous Epochal Events transformed the human journey 1 , 2 , 3 , 4.

Also, each E pochal Event was initiated by a small group of people , perhaps even by one person for the earliest events , and even the Industrial Revolution and its attendant Scientific Revolution had few fathers.

However, I came to realize that there is probably nobody else on Earth like my former partner , and even Indiana Jones cannot save the world by himself. With the strategy that I finally developed, I do not look for heroes because I know that there are not enough currently walking Earth. I am attempting something far more modest. But after watching similar scenarios play out dozens of times, I finally had to admit the obvious , and my partner admitted it to me in I noticed several crippling weaknesses in all alternative energy efforts that I was involved with or witnessed.

Most importantly, when my partner mounted his efforts, people participated primarily to serve their self-interest. While the pursuit of mutual self-interest is the very definition of politics, self-interested people were easily defeated by organized suppression, although the efforts usually self-destructed before suppression efforts became intense. Another deficiency in all mass free energy efforts was that most participants were scientifically illiterate and did not see much beyond the possibility of reducing their energy bills or becoming rich and famous.

Once the effort was destroyed and they always are, if they have any promise , the participants left the alternative energy field. Also, many lives were wrecked as each effort was defeated, so almost nobody was able or willing to try again.

Every time that my partner rebuilt his efforts, it was primarily with new people; few individuals lasted for more than one attempt. I reali ze that almost nobody on Earth today can pass the integrity tests that my fellow travelers were subjected to, and I do not ask that of anybody whom I will attempt to recruit into my upcoming effort.

Those recruits will simply be singing a song of practical abundance that will attract those who have been listening for that song for their entire lives. I am looking for singers, not soldiers, and the choir will primarily sing here. This effort could be called trying the enlightenment path to free energy, an abundance-based global political economy, and a healed humanity and planet. I believe that the key is approaching the issue as creators instead of victims, from a place of love instead of fear.

Those goals may seem grandiose to the uninitiated, and people in this field regularly succumb to a messiah complex and harbor other delusions of grandeur , but I also know that those aspirations are attainable if only a tiny fraction of humanity can help initiate that Fifth Epochal Event , just like the previous Epochal Events. This essay is designed to begin the training process. Learning this material will be a formidable undertaking.

This material is not designed for those looking for quick and easy answers, but is intended to help my readers attain the levels of understanding that I think are necessary for assisting with this epochal undertaking. In order to make this essay easier to understand, I created some tables and timelines, and they are:. Energy and the Indu strialized World. Although Gates and other high-technology billionaires can live surprisingly egalitarian lifestyles , for one person to possess the same level of wealth as billions of people collectively is a recent phenomenon.

In , about 30 thousand children died each day because of their impoverished conditions. It took me many years to gain a comprehensive understanding of how energy literally runs the world and always has. A typical day in my life during the winter before I wrote this essay can serve as an example. When I worked hour days and longer during that winter, which was the busiest time of my year, I often fasted and needed less sleep, so I often awoke before 5: In as I write this, I live in a fairly large house.

When I fast, my body generates less heat, so I feel cold rather easily; I wear thermal underwear under my work attire and have other strategies for staying warm, especially in the winter. I programmed our furnace to begin operation soon before I awakened, so that my day started in a warm environment.

I also have a space heater in my home office, so that the rest of the house can stay cold while I work in warmth. That winter, my first tasks when arising were turning on my computer and drinking a glass of orange juice, which raised my blood sugar. After some hours of reading about world events, answering emails, and working on my writings, I took a hot shower, dressed, and walked to a bus stop.

I read a book while awaiting the bus that took me to downtown Bellevue, where I worked in a high-rise office building for an Internet company. When I arrived at my office, I turned on my lights and computer. When I was eating, I put the food that I brought to work in a refrigerator under my desk. During my work day, I interacted with many people in my air-conditioned, high-technology office environment.

My cellular telephone was never far away. The view from my office window of the Cascade Mountains was pleasant. My computer interfaced with our distant data centers and the world at large via the Internet.

When my workday was finished, I rode the bus home. In the winter, the furnace is programmed to stop functioning when my wife and I leave for work, and comes on soon before we arrive home, so we never experienced a cold house. When I am not fasting, I usually eat dinner, with the food in my refrigerator usually purchased at a cooperative grocery store that has an enormous produce section, with food grown locally and imported from as far away as New Zealand, China, and Israel.

When I resumed my career in , I became an early riser and consequently went to bed by 9: During that day, around 80 times the calories that fueled my body were burned to support my activities. How did energy serve my daily activities? How did that disparity between the dying children and me come to be? This essay will address those questions. Humanity is Earth's leading tool-using species, and our tools made us. Twigs, sticks, bones, and other organic materials were undoubtedly used as tools by our protohuman ancestors, but the only tools to survive for millions of years to be studied today are made of stone; the oldest discovered so far are about 3.

The Industrial Revolution was accompanied by the Scientific Revolution , and the synergy between scientific and technological advances has been essential and impressive, even leaving aside the many technologies and related theories that have been developed and sequestered in the above-top-secret world. The history of science is deeply entwined with the state of technology. Improving technology allowed for increasingly sophisticated experiments, and advances in science spurred technological innovation.

While many scientific practices and outcomes have been evil, such as vivisection and nuclear weapons , many others have not been destructive to humans or other organisms. The 20 th century saw great le aps in technological and scientific advancement. My grandfather lived in a sod hut as a child , his son helped send men to the moon , and his grandson pursued world-changing energy technologies and still does.

Relativity and quantum theory ended the era of classical physics and, with their increasingly sophisticated toolset, scientists began to investigate phenomena at galactic and subatomic scales. Space-based telescopes , electron microscopes , mass spectrometers , atomic clocks , supercolliders , computers, robots that land on distant moons and planets, and other tools allowed for explorations and experiments that were not possible in earlier times.

There is more controversy with human remains and artifacts, but I am skeptical of popular works that argue for technologically advanced ancient civilizations and related notions. Mass spectr ometers measure the mass of atoms and molecules, and have become increasingly refined since they were first invented in the 19 th century.

Today, samples that can only be seen with microscopes can be tested and measured down to a billionth of a gram. Scientific investigations have determined that radioactive decay rates are quite stable and are primarily governed by the dynamics in a decaying atom. The dates determined by radioactive dating have been correlated to other observed processes and the data has become increasingly robust over the years.

The ability to weigh various isotopes, at increasing levels of precision, with mass spectrometers has provided a gold mine of data. Scientists are continually inventing new methods and ways to use them, new questions are asked and answered, and some examples of methods and findings follow. Carbon has two primary stable isotopes: The energy of sunlight drives it, and that sunlight is primarily captured at the surface of water bodies and the oceans in particular.

That air rises and cools, which reduces the water vapor that it can hold, so it falls as rain. That is why tropical rainforests are near the equator. The rising equatorial air creates high-pressure dry air that pushes toward the poles, and at about 30 o latitude that air cools and sinks to the ground. As clouds pass over land, mountains force them upward and they lose their moisture in precipitation. Below is a diagram of those dynamics. A wa ter molecule containing oxygen the most common oxygen isotope will be lighter than a water molecule containing oxygen both are stable isotopes , so it takes less energy to evaporate an oxygen water molecule than an oxygen water molecule.

Also, after evaporation, oxygen water will tend to fall back to Earth more quickly than oxygen water will, because it is heavier. Also, the oxygen-isotope ratio in fossil shellfish as their life processes prefer the lighter oxygen isotope has been used to help determine ancient temperatures. Sed iments are usually laid down in annual layers, and in some places, such as the Cariaco Basin off of Venezuela's coast, undisturbed sediments have been retrieved and analyzed, which has helped determine when ice sheets advanced and retreated during the present ice age.

Mass s pectrometers have been invaluable for assigning dates to various rocks and sedimentary layers, as radioactive isotopes and their daughter isotopes are tested, including uranium-lead , potassium-argon , carbon , and many other tests.

Many hypotheses and theories have arisen, fallen, and been called into question or modified by the data derived from those increasingly sophisticated methods, and a few examples should suffice to give an idea of what is being discovered. The mo on rocks retrieved by Apollo astronauts are still being tested, as new experiments and hypotheses are devised.

In , a study was published which resulted from testing moon rocks for the titanium and titanium ratios both are stable isotopes , and it has brought into question the hypothesis that the Moon was formed by a planetary collision more than four billion years ago. In the Western Hemisphere, the Anasazi and Mayan civilization collapses of around a thousand years ago, or the Mississippian civilization collapse of years ago, have elicited a great deal of investigation. It is now known that the Anasazi and Mayan culture collapses were influenced by epic droughts, but that was only the proximate cause.

The ultimate cause was that those civilizations were not energetically sustainable, and the unsustainable Mississippian culture was in decline long before Europeans invaded North America. The Anasazi used logs to build their dwellings that today are famous ruins.

Scientists have used strontium ratios in the wood to determine where the logs came from, as well as dating the wood with tree-ring analysis and analyzing pack rat middens , and a sobering picture emerged. Th e region was already arid, but agriculture and deforestation desertified the region around Chaco Canyon , which was the heart of Anasazi civilization. When Anasazi civilization collapsed, at Chaco Canyon they were hauling in timber from mountains more than 70 kilometers away the strontium ratios could trace each log from the particular mountain that it came from.

When the epic droughts delivered their final blows, Anasazi civilization collapsed into a morass of starvation, warfare, and cannibalism, and the forest has yet to begin to recover, nearly a millennium later.

Another major advance happened in the late 20 th century: In , the first amino acid sequence for a gene was determined. In , the entire human genome was sequenced. Sequencing the chimpanzee genome was accomplished in , for orangutans in , and for gorillas in The comparisons of human and great ape DNA have yielded many insights, but the science of DNA analysis is still young.

What has yielded far more immediately relevant information has been studying human DNA. The genetic bases of many diseases have been identified. Hundreds of falsely convicted Americans have been released from prison, and nearly 20 from death row , due to DNA evidence's proving their innocence.

Human DNA testing has provided startling insights into humanity's past. For instance, in Europe it appears that after the ice sheets receded 16, to 13, years ago, humans repopulated Europe , and for all the bloody history of Europe over the millennia since then, there have not really been mass population replacements in Europe by invasion, migration, genocide, and the like.

Europeans just endlessly fought each other and honed the talents that helped them conquer humanity. There were some migrations of Fertile Crescent agriculturalists into Europe , but other than hunter-gatherers being displaced or absorbed by the more numerous agriculturalists, there do not appear to be many population replacements.

In 2 , a study suggested that male farmers from the Fertile Crescent founded the paternal line for most European men as they mated with the local women. The Neanderthal genome has been sequenced , as well as genomes of other extinct species, and for a brief, exuberant moment, some scientists thought that they could recover dinosaur DNA , Jurassic-Park -style.

Although dinosaur DNA is unrecoverable, organic dinosaur remains have been recovered, and even some proteins have been sequenced, which probably no scientist believed possible in the s.

Since , scientists have discovered planets in other star systems by using a variety of methods that reflect the improving toolset that scientists can use, especially space-based telescopes.

Before those discoveries, there was controversy whether planets were rare phenomena, but scientists now admit that planets are typical members of star systems. Extraterrestrial civilizations are probably visiting Earth , so planets hosting intelligent life may not be all that rare. Those interrelated and often mutually reinforcing lines of evidence have made many scientific findings difficult to deny.

The ever-advancing scientific toolset, and the ingenuity of scientists developing and using them, and particularly the multidisciplinary approach that scientists and scholars are increasingly using, have made for radical changes in how we view the past. Those radical changes will not end any time soon, and what follows will certainly be modified by new discoveries and interpretations, but I have tried to stay largely within the prevailing findings, hypotheses, and theories, while also poking into the fringes and leading edges somewhat.

Any mistakes in fact or interpretation in what follows are mine. Thousands of years ago, the Greek philosophers Democritus and Leucippus argued that the universe was comprised of atoms and the void, and Pythagoras taught that Earth orbited the Sun. Hun dreds of years later, a Greek mathematician and engineer, Heron of Alexandria , described the first steam engine and windmill and is typically credited as the inventor, but the actual inventors are lost to history.

Western science and technology did not significantly advance for the next millennium, however, until ancient Greek writings were reintroduced to the West via captured Islamic libraries.

The reintroduction of Greek teachings, and the pursuit of their energy technologies, ultimately led to the Industrial and Scientific revolutions. Scientific practice is ideally a process of theory and experimentation that can lead to new theories. There are three general aspects of today's scientific process, and it developed from a method proposed by John Hershel , which Charles Darwin used to formulate his theory of evolution.

Facts are phenomena that everybody can agree on, ideally produced under controlled experimental conditions that can be reproduced by other experimenters. Hypotheses are then proposed to account for the facts by using inductive also called abductive logic. The hypotheses are usually concerned with how the universe works, whether it is star formation or evolution. If a hypothesis survives the fact-gathering process — often by predicting facts that later experiments verify — then the hypothesis may graduate to the status of a theory.

The principle of hypothesis and falsification is primarily what distinguishes science from other modes of inquiry. The rele gation of hypotheses and theories to oblivion, without getting a fair hearing, as the pioneer dies in obscurity or is martyred , only to be vindicated many years later, has been a typical dynamic.

The man who first explained the dynamics behind the aurora borealis , Kristian Birkeland, died in obscurity in , with his work attacked and dismissed. Endosymbiotic theory , the widely accepted theory of how mitochondria , chloroplasts , and other organelles came to be, was first proposed in , quickly dismissed, and not revived until the late s. Doubt instead of faith is the guiding principle of science. Only hypotheses that have survived numerous attempts to falsify them graduate to becoming theories.

Only scientists who can weather the attacks from their peers will survive long enough to see their hypotheses receive a fair hearing.

Wit h what I know has been suppressed by private interests, often with governmental assistance, mainstream science is largely irrelevant regarding many important issues that could theoretically be within its purview. Paradoxically, scientists can also fall for fashionable theories and get on bandwagons.

There can be self-reinforcing bias in that the prevailing hypotheses can determine what facts are adduced, and potential facts thus escape inquiry, particularly when entire lines of inquiry are forbidden by organized suppression and the excesses of the national security state, as well as the indoctrination that scientists are subject to, as all people are.

When the Big Bang supposedly happened, there was no matter, but only energy. Only when the universe had sufficiently expanded and cooled, less than a second after the Big Bang, did matter begin to appear, which is considered to be comprised of relatively low energy states. However, there will be limitations, and some of them follow. As Einstein and his colleagues readily admitted, the corpus of scientific fact and theory barely says anything at all about how the universe works.

Sometimes, paradigms shift and scientists see the universe with fresh eyes. The ideals and realities of scientific practice are often at odds. Ironically, when scientists reach virtual unanimity on a theory, it can be a sign that the theory is about to radically change, and many if not most scientists will go to their graves believing the theory that they were originally taught , no matter how much evidence weighs against it.

A key tension in main stream science has long been the conflict between specialists and the generalists and multidisciplinarians. New hypotheses often come from generalists and their inductive reasoning, and the best of them usually have some flash of insight that leads them to their breakthroughs, which is called intuition or the Creative Moment.

I found that it is a close cousin to psychic ability, if not the same thing. Speciali sts are often those on the ground, getting their hands dirty and doing the detailed work that forms the bedrock of scientific practice. Without their efforts, science as we know it would not exist.

However, mainstream science has long suffered from the tunnel vision that overspecialization encourages, and R. Buckminster Fuller thought that the epidemic overspecialization and naïveté of mainstream scientists in his time was a ruling class tactic to keep scientists controlled and unable to see the forest for the trees. Many paradigmatic breakthroughs in science and technology were made by non-professionals, specialists working outside of their field of professional expertise, and generalists traversing disciplinary boundaries.

A comprehensivist tries to understand the details well enough to refrain from making unwarranted generalizations while also striving for that big-picture awareness. There are also top-down and bottom-up ways to approach analyses; each can provide critical insight, and scientists and other analysts often try to use both. Anot her key set of tensions are those between theorists, empiricists, and inventors. Theorists attempt to account for scientific data and ideally predict data yet to be adduced, which tests the validity of their hypotheses and theories.

Empiricists often produce that scientific data. Inventors create new technologies and techniques. Albert Ein stein is the quintessential example of a theorist, who never performed experiments relating to his theories but accounted for experimental results and predicted them. Michelson and Morley , who performed the experiment that produced results that various scientists wrestled with for a generation before Einstein proposed his special theory of relativity , never suspected that their experiment would lead to the theories that it did.

Einstein expected that his theories would eventually be falsified by experimental evidence, but that the best parts of his theories would survive in the new theories. The Wright brothers w ere typical inventors. The theorists were spectacularly wrong, the empiricists had abandoned their primary principle of observation, and it was up to inventors to finally open their eyes and minds, years after the public witnessed the new technologies working.

Such inventions often threaten to upend the very foundations of scientific disciplines, which is primarily why they have been ignored as they have, if they are not actively suppressed.

The fin dings of mainstream science can be particularly persuasive when lines of evidence from numerous disciplines independently converge, which has become increasingly common as scientific investigations have become more interdisciplinary.

DNA testing is clearly showing descent relationships and ghost ancestors are being reconstructed via genetic testing. Numerous dating methods are used today, and more are regularly invented. Typically, a new technique will emerge from obscurity, often pioneered by a lonely scientist. For instance, dendrochronology , the reading of tree rings, was developed as a dating science by the dogged efforts of an astronomer who labored in obscurity for many years.

He was a fortunate pioneer; when he died after nearly 70 years of effort, he had lived to see dendrochronology become a widely accepted dating method. Eventually, the new method can break past the inertia and active suppression, and sometimes even if the breakthrough threatens powerful interests. Then the newly accepted method can be seen as a panacea for all manner of seemingly insoluble problems, in the euphoric, bandwagon phase.

The history of science is filled with fads that faded to oblivion, sometimes quickly, while advances that survived the withering attacks are eventually seen in a more mature light, in which its utility is acknowledged as well as its limitations.

DNA and molecular clock analyses have largely passed through those phases in recent years. In the s, the idea of room-temperature superconductors had its brief, frenzied day in the sun when high-temperature superconductors were discovered. Cold fusion had a similar trajectory, although the effect seems real and MIT manipulated their data to try to make the effect vanish.

After the bolide impact hypothesis broke through a taboo that lasted for more than a century, some scientists tried explaining all mass extinctions with bolide impacts. In the dating sciences , the tests have all had their issues and refinements. The equipment has become more sophisticated, problems have been resolved, and precision has been enhanced. While there are continuing controversies, dating techniques have advanced just like many other processes over the history of science and technology.

In , dates determined for fossils and artifacts are generally only accepted with confidence when several different samples are independently tested and by different kinds of tests, if possible. If thermoluminescence , carbon , and other tests produce similar dates, as well as stratigraphic evidence , paleomagnetic evidence , current measurements of hotspot migration rates across tectonic plates , along with genetic and other evidence introduced in the past generation, those converging lines of evidence have produced an increasingly robust picture of not only what happened, but when.

In the s, I found the dating issue enthralling and saw it assailed by fringe theorists and by catastrophists in particular. A couple of decades later, I reached the understanding that, like all sciences, dating has its limitations and the enthusiasm for a new technique can become a little too exuberant, but dating techniques and technologies have greatly improved in my lifetime.

Controversies will persist over various finds and methods used, and scientific fraud certainly occurs, but taken as a whole, those converging lines of independently tested evidence make it increasingly unlikely that the entire enterprise is a mass farce, delusion, or even a conspiracy, as many from the fringes continue to argue.

There is s till a Flat Earth Society , and it is not a parody. I have looked into fringe claims for many years and few of them have proven valid; even if many were, their potential importance to the human journey was often minor to trifling. Quite o ften, the pioneers of science and technology receive no credit at all , not even posthumous vindication , as others steal their work and become rich and famous. But if private and governmental interests do not suppress the data and theory, as is regularly achieved regarding alternative energy and other disruptive technologies , usually the data will eventually win.

But the data does not always win. Lead received a similar clean bill of health by industrially funded laboratories as the conflicts of interest were surreal, and the public was completely unaware of who was really managing such public health issues and why. Similar situations exist today. Perhaps the most significant challenge to mainstream science is the fact that numerous advanced technologies already exist on Earth, including free energy and antigravity technologies, but they are actively kept from public awareness and use.

They and other exotic technologies developed in the above-top-secret world operate on principles that make the physics textbooks resemble cave drawings. Thou sands of scientists and inventors have independently pursued FE technologies, but all such efforts, if they had promise or garnered any success, have been suppressed by a clandestine and well-funded effort of global magnitude.

Although the gr eatest physicists were arguably mystical in their orientation , they rarely explored the nature of consciousness in the way that modern human potential efforts have. When I was 16 years old, it was demonstrated to me, very dramatically, that everybody inherently possesses psychic abilities , which falsifies today's materialistic theories of consciousness.

Millions of people had similar experiences during the last decades of the 20 th century when performing such exercises. Far too often, when scientists discuss materialism, they compare it to organized religion, particularly its fundamentalist strains, as if those are the only two alternatives, when they are on opposite ends of a spectrum in one way and two sides of the same coin in others. Ironically, organized skepticism is largely comprised of anti-scientists who try to deny that such abilities of consciousness are even worthy of scientific investigation.

That would be like asking a Wall Street executive in the s what his opinion of communism was. I was also regularly dismayed by orthodox scientific and academic works that dealt with the human brain, consciousness, human nature, UFOs , FE technology, and the like, in which the authors accepted declassified government documents at face value as in not wondering what else remained classified, for starters or looked no further than 19 th -century investigations.

Armchair scientists who accept the skeptics' word for it have taken the easy way out and rely on highly unreliable "investigators" to tell them about the nature of reality. They consequently do not have informed opinions, or perhaps more accurately, they have disinformed opinions. Not all main stream scientists relegate consciousness to a mere byproduct of chemistry.

The greatest physicists knew that materialism was a doctrine built on unprovable assumptions, which amounts to a faith. White scie nce still has almost nothing to say about the nature of consciousness. However, Black Science covert, largely privatized, and the same province where that advanced technology is sequestered is somewhat familiar with the nature of consciousness and considers it to be far more than a byproduct of chemistry.

The assumption that the entire universe is a manifestation of consciousness is not only unassailable by White Science, but is probably a foundational assumption of Black Science and mystics. The ba ttle between materialists and religious orders over the years, in which materialist evolutionists grapple with creationists and intelligent design proponents, seems to be a feud between two fundamentalist camps.

Nowhere in such battles are the abilities or wisdom of accomplished mystics found. The nature and role of consciousness, both in this dimension and beyond it, are likely far too subtle to be profitably engaged by the level of debate that predominates today.

As this essay will explore later, those issues are not merely fodder for idle philosophical pursuit, but at their root lies the crux of the current conundrum that humanity finds itself in, as we race toward our self-destruction. White Science does not really know what energy is ; it can only describe its measurable effects. Our universe may have begun as pure energy and even if it did not, all matter appears to be comprised of energy , and consciousness may be required for our universe to exist at all, which may be part of the quantum paradox.

There is evidence that evolution is not purely the province of chance mutations, but that organisms can affect their evolution at the genetic level. The gre atest scientists readily admitted that the theories and data of physics, that hardest of the hard sciences, drew highly limited descriptions of reality, and those scientists were usually, to one extent or another, mystics.

If textbook science falls far short of explaining reality, what can be said within its framework that is useful? Our industrialized world is based on textbook science and feats such as putting men on the Moon were performed within the parameters of textbook science. With the waning of overspecialization and overreliance on reductionism in the last decades of the 20 th century, multidisciplinary works have proliferated and will tend to dominate the references for this essay.

I have found them not only very helpful for my own understanding, but they are appropriate references for a generalist essay. I have also avoided scientific terminology when feasible. The main stream theory is that matter consists of elementary particles which are all forms of energy , and their interaction with the Higgs field is responsible for all mass.

Almost all mass in the known universe consists of protons in hydrogen atoms, and those protons are in turn comprised of quarks , and electrons and neutrinos are the other first generation fundamental particles.

Protons have a positive electric charge, electrons a negative charge, and neutrinos no net charge. Today, mainstream science recognizes four forces in the universe: Gravity attracts matter to matter, and is thought to be responsible for the formation of stars, planets, and galaxies. But the universe seems to be built from processes , not objects.

If FE, antigravity, and related technologies finally come in from the shadows, the elusive Unified Field may come with them, and the Unified Field might well be consciousness, which will help unite the scientist and the mystic, and that field may be divine in nature. Energy may be best seen as motion Electron shells, how they are filled, and reactivity Helium and the noble gases Electron energy and quantum leaping Temperature How atoms react Elements in the human body Types of electron bonds, including hydrogen bonds This c hapter presents several energy and chemistry concepts essential to this essay.

Even though scientists do not really know what energy is they do not know what light or gravity are , either , energy is perhaps best seen as motion, whether it is a photon flying through space, the "orbit" of an electron around an atom's nucleus or of Earth around the Sun, an object falling to Earth, a river flowing toward the ocean, air moving through Earth's atmosphere, rising and falling tides, and blood moving through a heart.

The classical view of an electron had an electron orbiting the nucleus much in the same way that Earth orbits the Sun, but quantum theory presents a different picture, in which an electron is a wave that only appears to be a particle when it is observed. When one electron shell is filled, electrons begin to fill shells farther from the nucleus. For the simplest atoms it works that way, but for larger atoms, particularly those of metallic elements, electrons fill shells in more complex fashion and electrons begin to fill subshells not necessarily in the shell closest to the nucleus.

When an electron is unpaired or in an unfilled shell, it can be a valence electron, which can form bonds with other atoms. In most circumstances, only unpaired electrons form bonds with other atoms. Electron bonds between atoms provide the basis for chemistry and life on Earth. For that simplest element, hydrogen, its lone electron has an affinity to pair up with another electron, and that smallest shell contains two electrons. Hydrogen is never found in its monoatomic state in nature, but is bonded to other elements, as that lone electron finds another one to pair with, which also fills that simplest shell.

In its pure state in nature, hydrogen is found paired with itself and forms a diatomic molecule. In chemistry notation, it is presented as H 2. Fluorine is so reactive that if it were sprayed on water, the water would burn. The ele ment with two protons in its nucleus is helium the number of protons determines what element the atom is , and its electrons are paired and its shell is filled.

Consequently, helium does not want to share its electrons with anything. Helium is the most non-reactive element known. It has never bonded with any other element, even fluorine. Their electron shells are completely filled. It is not a smooth variation of distance, but only certain distances are possible. When an electron changes its distance, it jumps in a process known as quantum leaping.

That quantum leaping reflects how electrons gain or release energy. When light hits an atom, if it is absorbed by an electron, the photon gives the electron the energy to move to an orbit farther away. When an electron emits light, that lost photon removes energy and the electron falls to a lower orbit. The potential energy in the electron as it orbits the nucleus and the potential energy in a rock that I hold above the ground are similar, as the diagram below demonstrates.

Below is a diagram of a hydrogen atom as its electron orbits farther from the nucleus when it absorbs energy. As the diagram depicts, the atom gets larger. Lateral movement also called translational motion is called temperature. While finding an accurate definition of temperature can be a frustrating experience, temperature is a measure of the kinetic energy the energy of motion in matter. As with the behavior of photons, at the atomic level the concept of temperature can break down, and classical behaviors emerge as groups of atoms lose their quantum properties.

The transferred energy can be stored by the electrons leaping into higher orbits. They can in turn release that energy in the form of photons and return to lower orbits.

The increas ed movement of heated atoms is why substances expand in volume. The more motion, the higher the temperature, and just as an engine will fly apart when the RPMs go too high, when an atom vibrates too fast, an electron can leave the atom entirely and the atom becomes an ion. As substances become hotter, the electrons will be in higher orbits, and will fall farther when giving off photonic energy, so the photons have more energy shorter wavelengths.

Get a substance hot enough and it will emit photons that we can see visible light. Those first visible photons will be on the lower end of the spectrum of light that we can see with our eyes, and will be red. Get the substance hotter and the light can turn white, which means that we are seeing the full visible spectrum of light. Get matter hot enough and it becomes plasma , as electrons float in a soup with nuclei. Those electrons are too energetic to be captured by nuclei and placed into shells.

When tw o atoms come close to each other, if the potential energy of their combined state is less than their potential energy when they are separate, the atoms will tend to react. But the reaction only happens when the electron shells come into an alignment so that the reaction can happen.

If the shells do not meet in the proper alignment and velocity, the reaction will not happen and the atoms will bounce away from each other. The faster and more often the atoms collide, the likelier they are to react and reach that lower energy state.

Chemical electron shell reactions need to reach their activation energy to occur, and this is measured in temperature. The activation energy for hydrogen and oxygen to react and form water is about degrees Celsius o C. The fusion of a helium nucleus releases more than a million times the energy that it takes to ionize a hydrogen atom.

As will be discussed later , some reactions have a cumulative result of absorbing energy , while others release it. The first can be seen as an investment of energy, while the second can be seen as consuming it. Below is a diagram of two hydrogen atoms before and after reaction, as they bond to form H 2.

Elements with their electron shells mostly, but not completely, filled are, in order of electronegativity: In that upper right corner of the periodic table , of largely filled electron shells, phosphorus and sulfur also reside. Carbon and hydrogen have their valence shells half filled.

Flu orine forms the smallest negatively charged ions known to science and wrecks organic molecules for reasons discussed later in this essay.

Organisms do not use fluorine, except for some plants that use it as a poison. The classic example of this is the water molecule. In a body of water, oxygen atoms will attract hydrogen atoms of neighboring molecules, and a relatively weak attraction known as a hydrogen bond forms. Below is a picture of hydrogen bonds in water. Those hydrogen bonds make water the miraculous substance that it is. The unusual surface tension of water is due to hydrogen bonding.

Water has a very high boiling point for its molecular weight compare the boiling points of water and carbon dioxide , for instance because of that hydrogen bonding.

Those energy and chemistry concepts should make this essay easier to digest. Timelines of En ergy, Geology, and Early Life. Provides the power for all of Earth's geophysical, geochemical, and ecological systems, with the only exception being radioactivity within Earth. Enzymes accelerate chemical reactions by millions of times, making all but the simplest life pre- LUCA possible. Oxygen is generated, which complex life will later use, which makes non-aquatic life possible and also preserves the global ocean.

Allows for larger cells and far greater energy generation capacity — pound for pound, a complex cell uses energy , times as fast as the Sun creates it. Dramatic climb in atmospheric oxygen , to eventually achieve modern levels, begins. Largest organisms ever, and greatest energy storage and delivery to any biome, and they become the basis for coal. Among the first terrestrial animals with upright posture, enabling great aerobic capacity and domination of terrestrial environments.

Great energy innovation to reduce reproductive costs, and animals are the beneficiaries, as they act as reproductive enzymes in greatest symbiosis of plant and animal life, which allows flowering plants to dominate terrestrial ecosystems. Allows protohumans to leave trees , become Earth's dominant predator , alter ecosystems , and cooked food helped spur dramatic biological changes, including encephalization in human line. Changes the terms of engagement with prey and reduces hunting risk of large animals and increases effectiveness.

Allows for first low-energy transportation, and ability to travel to unpopulated continents. Provides the local and stable energy supply that allowed for sedentary human populations and civilization. Allows for tools highly improved over stone, for greater energy effectiveness of human activities. Turns global ocean into low-energy transportation lane and allows Europe to conquer the world.

First attempt to create "free energy" technology is abandoned due to lack of funding. First man-powered flight , and establishment of first company to mass-produce automobiles.

Albert Einstein published his special theory of relativity and equation for converting mass to energy. Forms the framework for 20 th century physics, including the energy that can be liberated from an atom's nucleus. Oil-rich Ottoman Empire dismembered by industrial powers , establishing imperial and neocolonial rule in Middle East. USA harnesses the atom's power, and first use is vaporizing two cities , and the greatest period of economic prosperity in history begins.

The USA's national security state is born , Roswell incident. This is the final technology, along with free energy technology, to make humanity a universally prosperous and space-faring species. Former astronaut nearly dies immediately after rejecting the American military's UFO research "offer". The incident is one of many that demonstrate that the UFO issue is very real, but happened to somebody close to me. A close personal friend is shown free energy and antigravity technologies, among others , and another close friend had free energy technology demonstrated.

Those incidents are two of many that demonstrate that the free energy suppression issue is very real, but were witnessed by people close to me. Abbreviated Geologic Time Scale. Earth , Moon , and oceans form. Earth is bombarded with planetesimals. Atmosphere is primarily comprised of carbon dioxide. Too much uncertainty and too little evidence to confidently draw maps, but landmasses existed.

Earth cools to habitable temperature. Continents begin forming and growing. Atmosphere is mostly nitrogen, but oxygen begins to increase. All life is bacterial. Oxygenic photosynthesis first appears. Complex cell eukaryote first appears. Aerobic respiration first appears.

Sexual reproduction first appears. Grazing of photosynthetic organisms first appears. Supercontinent Rodinia breaks up. Second Snowball Earth event. Atmosphere oxygenated to near modern levels. Final banded iron formations appear. First land plants may have appeared. Deep ocean is oxygenated. Mass extinction of microscopic eukaryotes. First large animals appear. First mass diversification of complex life. Most modern phyla appear.

Paleo-Tethys Ocean begins forming. Ice age begins and causes mass extinction which ends period. Complex life continues diversifying. First large reefs appear. Mollusks proliferate and diversify. Nautiloids are apex predators. First fossils of land plants recovered from Ordovician sediments. Period ends with first great mass extinction of complex life. Hot, shallow seas dominate biomes. Climate and sea level changes cause minor extinctions.

Reefs recover and expand. Fish begin to develop jaws. First invasions of land by animals. First vascular plants appear. Continents closing to form Pangaea, ice age begins at end of Devonian and cause mass extinction , possibly initiated by first forests sequestering carbon. First vertebrates invade land. Atmospheric oxygen levels highest ever, likely due to carbon sequestration by coal swamps.

Ice age increases in extent, causing collapse of rainforest. First permanent land colonization by vertebrates. Fungus appears that digests lignin. Great mountain-building and volcanism as Pangaea forms, and its formation initiates the greatest mass extinction in eon of complex life.

Synapsid reptiles dominate land. Conifer forests first appear. Pangaea begins to break up. Yamaha YBL Xeno, inline rotary valve bass trombone. A well established workhorse of professional level bass trombones. The valve register is even and open, sound quality is focused and projecting.

A very easy to use instrument that rewards you. This one is in used condition but has been well maintained. Some normal wear and tear cosmetically. Includes the original case. Here's a custom made Bach 50 with Rath inline Hagmann valves. This horn was custom put together to be a lightly braced orchestral bass trombone. The valves are made by Rath, have squared off crooks and threaded valve caps.

The bell and slide are from a Bach It has been used professionally in a major US symphony orchestra. There are some cosmetic scratches in the bell from some dents that have been removed.

The finish is not perfect. This is one of the most in demand tubas in the world at the moment. Players are snatching these up because they work fantastically well, both for auditions and at work in the orchestra. It makes a great big sound but retains the clear and clean character that really helps set players enhance their performance.

This instrument is brand new and a "Demo" model from a trade show. It is in like new condition and includes a very nice quality gig bag. US shipping is available via Greyhound. The Yamaha v was one of the most popular "Geyer" style french horns made. It has since been replaced by the newer YFR model but most players still seek out the model v, as they general consensus is that it is a better instrument.

They "Geyer" sound, an inline valve block coupled with a medium throat yellow brass horn and open wrap has become the industry standard for French Horns. It is in very excellent used condition, raw brass, no dents or major cosmetic blems. Ready to play out of the box. Classic Bach 42 with gold brass bell from the s. Plays really great, powerful dense sound and good slotting.

Super solid and in great shape. Beautiful and rare Conn 70H bass trombone from the s, with optional E rotary switch valve. This isn't a "Fuchs" Model but the standard smaller throated 70H. It is in great condition, stunning actually. Tuning in the slide with opera wheel tuning system, beautiful yellow brass with flat wrap F attachment.

Its spent most of its life here in Los Angeles and has many years of use left. A unique opportunity to own one of the early custom made instruments by Marc L'Anglier. This one was made in the early s for John Englekes of the San Francisco Symphony and further modified by the next owner who has had it since then.

We believe that there were six L'Anglier bass trombones built, this one being 5 of 6. The bell is from a Corporation 50BGL The slide is an 81xxx serial number, it has had a recent addition of a nickel silver crook. Leadpipe is a Brassark MV50 copper seamed press fit. Most interestingly, this trombone is currently set up with a "Haynor" valve system. If you look at the photos, you can see how it functions. The concept being that the weight of the instrument is cradled in the palm of your left hand while you pull the levers of the valves towards you.

Works well for players that have shoulder trouble or otherwise have issues holding up a bass trombone. This trombone is being sold as is with this Haynor system installed which is very well done btw but we can convert to normal split trigger configuration for a small additional fee if you want it set up normally. Every once in a while I get something really special and unusual.

Here's an early s King 2B Silversonic with all the bells and whistles, the deluxe gold inlay finish. You'd be hard pressed to find a more beautiful trombone than this one. Its in fantastic condition. Sterling silver bell, great slide and original case with documents. Previously owned by Alex Iles. This horn has been well used and shows it. Has some dents, scratches and worn lacquer.

Regardless of this, its quite a good playing trombone and would be great for a player looking for a top tier professional trombone at a bargain price.

An underrated pro level trombone, the Benge F is a large bore. It isn't the most fancy or glorious but it does play well and is a very nice instrument for a student or young professional looking for a quality horn that won't break the bank.

This one is in very nice shape and silver-plated. Long the industry standard for the west coast and many professional orchestras around the world. This is a newer Eastlake Conn 8D, good lightly used condition with some minor cosmetic blems and normal wear from use.

A good playing instrument that will serve as a workhorse for many years to come. The 8D was based on the famous Kruspe Horner model. It is a large bore french horn with a large bell flare. Extremely rare German romantic trombone made in the late s by one of the most famous and influential makers of trombones, J.

Penzel was the apprentice of Sattler, who is credited with creating the large bore trombone, and this instrument is made in the same style as those original models.

It is gold brass, extremely thin material, with a wide nickel garland that is engraved and decorated with the traditional shell stamps. Interestingly, this particular trombone has a tuning slide incorporated in the slide. I showed it to Robb Stewart who repaired a small crack in one of the slide legs and he and I both believe this is an original feature on this instrument, making it particularly unusual and special.

It's a big bore and takes a mouthpiece somewhere between a "euro" shank and a modern large shank. Slide works well for raw inners which are both original and being as old as it is. A piece of history to use in period work or just to own an important instrument in the evolution of the trombone.

This is a terrific playing Bach 42 and has the coveted "Stainless Steel" casing from O. Thayer that was very popular in the s. Recently restored here at our shop, it has been gently relacquered and some worn parts replaced and repaired. Comes with a press fit Brasslab leadpipe.

Honestly, if I didn't have so many trombones, I'd keep this one. I love the sound of it, orchestral but clear and brilliant. Not going to last long. Own a legend, this is one of Dick Nash's Bach 36 trombones, with a gold brass bell and lightweight brass slide. Dick played this trombone on countless film scores, it's got lots of good notes in it. A very nice playing Shires bass trombone with dependent trubore valves, one of 9 sets I believe. This is a unique playing trombone, it reminds me a lot of a Holton, that big warm enveloping sound that gets a touch bright when you lay into it.

Has an unsoldered red brass bell, B62 slide one leadpipe. My guess is this Ophicleide is from the late s judging by the number of keys and lever system. It was repadded and corked by Robb Stewart and has quite a nice sound.

Chinese Ophi's are ubiquitous now, here's a chance to have an authentic antique for a reasonable price. A fantastic deal for an inline professional level bass trombone. I just love the sound of a Benge trombone, it is gooey dark with a brilliant edge, begging to be played with core and depth.

These are wonderful under appreciated trombones. This instrument has been in storage at a music shop for the past 15 years. Rumor has it that Larry Minick was involved with the design of this model, could be true. The valves look a lot like a Minick wrap. The H is a great bargain for an inline valve bass trombone. This one has a 10" unlacquered red brass bell, some minor cosmetic and lacquer blems.

Makes a great big sound and is fun to play. Totally unique trombone that was built from parts for a Bach aficionado to be an ultimate vintage Bach jazzer. Robb Stewart fabricated the trombone. Bell flare is from Byron Peebles collection, a Mt Vernon 12 yellow brass bell. The neckpipe is custom built by Robb, along with the hexagonal cross braces, The tuning slide and hand slide are from a Bach New York model A custom knurled hand brace was fabricated by Robb looks kinda steampunk and feels good in the hand.

Comes with a Mt Vernon coffin case. I can't recall the last time I saw one of these in person, if ever. One thing I love about this trombone is the makers stamp, it is an early Mt Vernon so the signature still looks like the New York factory stamp, I love that. It has a dual bore. Also unusual is that this one has gold brass outer slide tubes. In very good vintage condition. A unique opportunity to purchase something special from arguably the most desirable Bach period of production.

This Bach jazzer has some pedigree to it, owned by the late Chauncey Welsch. As such, as with all of Chauncey's trombones, the tuning slide has been slightly shortened to allow for slide vibrato in 1st position, old skool! The 16GM bell section has a more open neckpipe. This one also has a Bach 12 lightweight nickel silver In good shape with usual wear and press fit leadpipe. A corporation Bach 42B, no frills, just a workhorse.

In good used condition, the finish does have some scratches and lacquer is more or less gone. Makes a nice classic Bach sound.

This is a lightly used, gorgeous Miraphone BBb tuba. The has long been the staple of BBb tubas since it was introduced and is the most widely played model BBb in the world. This particular instrument was picked out at the factory in Germany and imported into the USA. It is in very excellent shape with no major dings and only a few cosmetic scratches and pings. Lacquer is in very good condition. It includes a Winter hard case.

Super rare and super gorgeous, this is a Bach New York model 36B. Traditional wrap, larger Marston rotary valve with updated linkage,.

Robb Stewart did a beautiful job refurbishing this trombone as a nice touch he made a long water key by request of the owner without buffing destroying the original lacquer on the bell there are a few lacquer blems on the bell.

The leadpipe is removable, and a custom two piece leadpipe is installed. Comes with a period Bach case. This horn is absolutely a gorgeous time capsule.

It is all original with matching serial numbers. It is in fantastic condition for nearing years old. The slide has the original tubes in great shape and the slide action is extremely respectable for a trombone of this vintage.

The hand engraving is jaw dropping gorgeous. Lion head engraving on the slide is also clear and not worn. A well used and well loved Shires trombone, early production! The bell is hand engraved and would become the 1Y bell flare.

The horn has a Thayer valve with original nickel shires thumb paddle, the slide is a dual bore. Owned by one of the top jazz trombonists here in LA, this is an extremely nice playing Bach 12 Mt Vernon. Its not in perfect shape cosmetically but it is nicely broken in with lots of strong slots and fast response.

This one reminds me of a baseball glove that your friend has that's perfectly seasoned. Yep, that is this trombone. A nifty Selmer Paris Bolero trombone. Not only is it good for Bolero, it is also good for all sort of commercial playing. It is a versatile size, similar to the King 3B,. A nice touch, the bell has a small brass garland on the rim. These are high quality instruments and a bargain price. In good used condition with typical wear and tear. A gorgeous vintage Mirafone bass trumpet in Bb with 4 rotary valves.

Appropriate for Janacek, Wagner, Stravinsky or any other prominent bass trumpet literature. The sound is beautiful, singing and colorful. Nice intonation and very easy to play. In very good condition and especially rare to find these with 4v. Includes a very nice lightweight nylon gig bag. This was the Ralph Sauer setup for many years before Ralph switched to his Shires with similar specs.

The 88HTO has an open wrap F attachment and thin red brass bell flare. The SL slide is a dual bore. It is in very good, lightly used shape and is an excellent player. Perfect for the trombonist looking for a large orchestral sound but something that speaks a bit faster and is a bit more nimble than a full.

This one is a bell tuning model and measures to a. The engraving is all hand done and features Earl's bulldog on the bell. Overall the trombone has seen better days and is in need of some love and repairs to be completely playable again at a professional level. As such, it is priced low with he hopes that someone will invest in bringing this rare instrument back to life. This Shires bass trombone is a few years old and remains in very good condition. A really great playing instrument that is versatile and comfortable.

A uniquely unusual renaissance instrument, the tenor cornett aka Lizard, Lysarden, Lysard. This one is unstamped but extremely well made and high quality wood, wrapped in traditional black leather. It is in D with a key for C. Includes a mouthpiece made of horn. Sure to impress your friends and audiences alike. Here is a nice workhorse Bach LT16M trombone. It has an open neckpiece, lightweight nickel slide and a one piece yellow brass bell.

The model made famous by Bill Watrous. This one is in excellent shape and ready to play. Here's a well used Shires Bass Trombone. A good solid playing instrument, priced to sell. There are some scratches, lacquer wear and signs of use but don't let that deter you, its just cosmetic.

Here is something really unique and amazing! This is a custom made Thein bass trombone and has great features and specs. The F attachment is a Hagmann valve, a custom removable 2nd valve was fabricated to fit and works extremely well. The main tuning slide is from a shires and has been custom fit to this instrument to give it a more "American" blow and response.

The instrument also includes a single valve F tuning slide. In great condition, lacquer on the bell is frosted from being in a cold climate. Comes with a Thein flat screw bell case. Probably the best playing pocket tuba in the world. Here is a BBb pocket tuba from Manfred Schmelzer. This is by far the best design for a small "tornister tuba" I've seen so far and that is because of its full length leadpipe and impressive large bore bends.

This is the ultimate pit tuba. If you are a doubler and need a great playing BBb that you can take to work for your show work, this is the one.

Or if you're looking for a really good playing tuba that you can take on the road with minimal space, this is it. It was a demo model from the recent ITF International Trombone Festival in Redlands, and is new but did have a small mishap with the airlines during transit to the show and there is a small ding in the bell flare.

As such, get it at a good discount. Silver plated with gold plated trim. Get a great deal on this brand new Yamaha Xeno bass trombone. This one was a demo model and is in perfect condition, with some minor scratches on the outside of the case only.

Comes with original mouthpiece. Beautiful like new Kanstul bass trombone. Modeled after the vintage Conn 62H trombones, this Kanstul features "tuning in the slide", fully conical back bow, thin red brass bell, wide slide and free blowing CR valves. Very nice instrument indeed. One gold brass leadpipe included. One of the most desirable medium bore trombones in the world.

Up for sale, an Earl Williams model 8 trombone in excellent condition. This instrument was made in the late s by Earl's son, Bob Williams at the Burbank shop. It has an 8. It blows like a jazzer but sounds like a big horn. If you're looking for a commercial trombone that has a big sound, this is the one. This one is really a beautiful instrument, has a silver plated slide, lacquered bell. Slide action is great. The bell flare is very thin and lightweight.

Lots of fast notes still left in it. Bob is extremely picky about his trombones and he's owned this one for many years. There is a smallpre-emptive patch on the bell rim, as the metal is thin there and Bob didn't want the rim to split. A great playing vintage Bach 42B "Corporation" from the early s. Features the larger Marston made rotary valve same valve on the Mt Vernons with a closed wrap. Silver finish in decent shape, some silver is worn through showing brass on the neckpipe which you can see in the photos easily covered up with a leather neck guard.

This 42 has one of the sweetest and clearest tones of 42s that have come through the shop. Really a beautiful blowing and sounding instrument. We had a beautiful vintage Elkhart Conn 88H come into the shop and thought it would be a nice candidate for a full conversion.

We decided to leave the closed wrap intact to preserve the vintage feel but install our new modern rotary valve. The closed wrap also has our custom ferrules installed. The bell has had Don's voodoo treatment, new slide crook and our custom Brassark BA2 leadpipe, which is a nice match to the instrument.

Threaded leadpipe receiver has been installed and fits Shires threads. We decided to leave the slide the original "narrow" width of an 88H. The instrument was then lightly buffed and relacquered. A top tier Conn 88H with our well balanced rotary valve that gives vast improvement on the F side of the instrument. This one projects like crazy, big warm sound with clarity and color.

Here is a brand new demo Schilke model ST30 trombone. Think like a Conn 6H that's been pimped out. Quality and craftsmanship is very nice and it feels good in the hand. Includes a Schilke hard case. Here is a very cool setup, an Edwards T finished in brushed lacquer with two bell flares, one yellow brass and one red brass.

Includes a newish protec case as well. The yellow bell is a CF and the red bell is a CF. The condition is excellent on this trombone and it is a great playing jazzer. Rare Burbank Earl Williams model 6 trombone,. This one was made by Bob Williams, Earl's son. The outer tubes and leadpipe are from a Conn H there is a small patch on the bottom tube.

The bell is unstamped but is obviously original to the horn and authentic Williams. As such, price reflects so this is a bargain for a monster playing Williams. In near factory condition. Get a bargain on this horn. A very nice "L series" Conn 8D professional french horn, raw nickel silver. In very good condition. There is a small patch in the flare shown in photo.

The valves have been plated and are sealing well. Includes a leather Marcus Bonna case. A very rare gem of a bass trombone, this instrument was purchased new in and immediately modified by Larry Minick into the configuration you see here.

He built the inline valve section as well as installing an unstamped 62H bell flare that Minick was certain was an improvement over the original bell flare, it was installed and remains on this instrument.

The original leadpipe and Minick Leadpipes are included. The valve configuration is inline: It has been used for many years and shows that is has but overall is in very good condition with a lot of life left.

This thing is a gas to play, its everything you expect it to be and more. These rarely show up for sale and I can speculate that the inline Minick bass trombones are fewer than you can count on your hand. Stunning vintage Bach Mt Vernon 50B with inline hangman valves.

We built this instrument here at The Brass Ark for one of our clients. The valve section is an inline progressive bore with rose brass tubing. One of the nicest bass trombones we've ever had at the shop. Included with the instrument is the original MV case no longer fits this wrap and the original single valve parts. Extremely rare jazz trombone made by the legendary trombone builder, Earl Williams. This instrument is one of the earliest stamped model 4 trombones I've seen.

It was made at the Los Angeles shop and still has the prominent "williams" trademarks: It was fully restored in by Robb Stewart. Robb fabricated new cork barrels to match the original as well as rotated the inner tubes to extend the life of them. He also did a nice patch on the original slide crook. It was buffed and relacquered by Robb. This is a stunning trombone and one of the very best jazzers I've ever played.

Beautiful lightly used Edwards TE. This one has some unique specs! Comes with three leadpipes and a sterling silver T3 leadpipe. A very nice Edwards fiberglass lightweight case is included. Here's a nice miraphone model BBb tuba with 4 rotary valves. It has had some repairs and shows cosmetic blems in the lacquer as well as some scratching in the finish.

Nice quality tuba that's functioning as it should. The valve linkages have been upgraded to minibal style. A winter style hardcase with wheels is included. This is a great deal on a top level professional CC tuba. Overall the instrument is in nice used condition. It does have worn spots through the silver and there are some small dings and dents.

It is a very solid player with excellent intonation. The low register has a nice powerful sound that blends nicely in ensemble. Nearly new condition professional double French horn made by Mark Atkinson in Burbank. It is all nickel silver and has a Kruspe valve wrap.

It is a Geyer style wrap with a medium throat bell and built from rose brass. This instrument came directly from Conn and has not been previously owned. It has a cut bell and comes with the original Conn case. Alexander, a top tier maker. This instrument is gorgeous and has a beautiful descant tone, ultra clear and bright with lots of colors. In overall very good used condition with tight valves.

Comes with a cut bell case. A very nice Conn 4H in the rare satin silver finish. Previously owned by Alex Iles of the LA studio scene. Extremely good player and in very good condition. Here's an Elkhart Conn 6H. It was owned by Alex Iles. There are some dents and some serious slide wear to the inner tubes. A nice player though it needs some love.

Older Yamaha YEP 4 valve euphonium. Previously owned by Alex Iles of the LA studios. This instrument has had a Minick style tuning trigger added on the main slide to help with tuning on the fly. Overall in very good used condition. Professional Jupiter Jazzer trombone, previously owned by Alex Iles.

This model has a. These Jupiter trombones are becoming very popular. This one has a gold brass bell flare and plays well. Hip Jazz trombone developed back in the s with John Fedchock. This particular instrument was owned previously by Alex Iles. It is in nice used condition and ready to play. Somewhat rare, this is a Bach model 36GO, gold brass bell flare and open wrap valve. In very nice condition with case.

A great playing instrument that is a versatile size. Good for symphonic literature as well as commercial applications. Extremely rare bass trombone made by the famous maker, Larry Minick. This one appears to be a purpose built instrument, in that it wasn't another instrument before like a modified 62H. It has a one piece Minick bell flare, the valves are dependent and also stamped. The J bend tuning slide is prominent in the design and the slide also appears to be custom made.

The valves are tuned as normal in F and D. The leadpipe is press fit, but has corroded and should be replaced. This is a killer instrument and I've only seen a handful ever. A unique opportunity to have one of the most coveted bass trombones in the world.

Made in the mid s in England not a Music Group made Besson , this euphonium has the sweetest sound. I had Brad Close make and install a custom standard large shank mouthpiece receiver so it takes a normal mouthpiece. Bob Reeves did a full valve alignment. It is very clean, a few small dings and some lacquer scratches. Comes with a nice form fitting hard case. Rare eB alto trombone made by J. Model 3, which is the large bore. I don't know why it works so well, but despite the size of this alto, it doesn't sound like a tenor trombone.

Its a fabulous sounding and looking instrument, very high quality craftsmanship. Nickel silver bell garland and nickel slide. This is a new demo model that was assembled from parts that were shown at a trade show. It looks nearly new with a few small blems in the lacquer. Really a tremendous playing shires. This is an unusual but very special trombone. The model 45 is a special order dual bore small bass trombone.

It has a 9" gold brass bell, open wrap F attachment and narrow width dual bore. This particular instrument was hand assembled from parts at the Bach factory with assistance from Joe Alessi. It has had two owners and is in good condition. I've not seen another one like this before. Custom made Edwards bass trombone with a s Corporation Bach 50 bell flare. This bass is great, lots of presence and core with a penetrating focused sound.

Tons of clarity with a big open blow and immediate response. Always something special about the Conn 78H trombones. They have wonderful sounds and offer a great amount of versatility. The 78H has a. This one is in fantastic shape and has the desirable gold brass slide tubes. Very clean Bach 36G with convertible valve section you can take the F valve off and make this into a straight trombone, a nifty thing indeed.

Additionally, the valve section has been customized to an open wrap design by Dick Akright in Oakland. Another bonus, a seamed copper Hoelle tuning slide is also included along with the original tuning slide crook. Alright folks, here's a really unique bass trombone. Pull up a chair, cause here's a story for you. Legend has it that Jeff Reynolds once flattened a Conn Fuchs bass trombone while out jeeping and Larry Minick returned the instrument to playable condition. I have reason to believe that the slide for this trombone is from that original Fuchs instrument.

Don Sawday found the bell in the attic of a music shop here in LA many years ago still wrapped in the plastic. Don acquired the slide from Jeff. I had Don mate these two together, which is the instrument presented here. The slide has new inner tubes and a proper threaded connector now as well as threaded leadpipe receiver.

This is a unique horn folks. This horn is a workhorse and has been well used. It is a great player, has a gold brass bell, thayer valve and standard weight slide. Cosmetically it has been well used but is a very solid playing Bach. Small patch on one of the outer tubes. Talk about being a trumpet hero, this trumpet is all about that.

This horn is in great shape with no signs of wear. In very good condition and particularly good looking! The F valve has had a custom ball and socket linkage upgrade done with improves it a lot.

Here's a good deal for a serious trombonist on a budget. This is a Bach 42BO, fairly recent and overall in good shape with the exception of the bell flare, which was damaged and repaired. Whoever did the repair did a poor job and has scarred the flare and thinned the rim bead. As such, this trombone is offered at a bargain price as is.

A beautiful trombone we recently refinished here at the shop. From the mid s and has all the nice features of this great era of vintage Conn trombones. The bell has the deco engraving, tuning slide has the nickel guard and the slide has both bronze outer tubes and thick slide braces.

There is some minor wear on the inner tubes. A really gorgeous vintage Conn that plays amazingly well. The technical model number for this instrument is a D and Kanstul hasn't made many of them.

This one is special, as it was ordered in the style of a Bach bass trombone with tuning in the slide. Additionally it has a removable 2nd valve. More cool stuff, it has a harmonic brace installed which lets you fine tune your vibrance with harmonic pillars none included, but you can get some from Edwards in various metals and sizes. What more can I say. Another killer custom bass trombone, this time based on a King Duo Gravis. It has a vintage DG bell flare with dependent Getzen rotary valves, original King slide with a Bach 50 slide crook.

Might be one of the best playing commercial style bass trombones I've ever had at the shop. Also has a harmonic brace installed which fits Edwards harmonic pillars. Another one of a kind single valve bass trombone with a "Bartok" 2nd valve, which lets you extend your F tuning slide on a finger paddle.

The bell flare is a YBL gold brass flare. The valve section is a Shires trubore and the Bartok mechanism was fabricated by Shires. The slide is a B62 standard. In great shape and plays great. Used Shires Axial "Thayer" valve section with open wrap. The valve casing and core have just been replaced at the Shires factory with new parts, this is a new valve with vintage tubing.

Has the original paddle type thumb trigger. Dig this, this trombone was purchased new in and has been only owned by one person and has spent its life here in LA being used professionally. It is exactly what you'd want in a sterling silver 2B, the right vintage, the right condition and the right provenance. Sure, it has some signs of use, but it is in great shape overall and the character oozing from this horn is exciting.

This one has some serious mojo! Absolutely beautiful vintage Bach 37ML trumpet in great shape, with original lacquer which has patina to a nice honey color. It is in tremendous condition. You'd be hard pressed to find a nice vintage Bach 37 around in my humble opinion. This is a nice bargain tenor sackbut with F extension, good for a player looking to get into the sackbut scene with a quality german made instrument.

Appropriate for bass sackbut parts as well because of the valve section. Beautiful vintage Conn 72H bass trombone in excellent condition. These are the vintage that is most desirable. The outer slide tubes are "bronze" and with thicker stock and oversleeves. The bell engraving is crisp and the rotor valve seals nicely. The 72H is a bell tuning version of the famous 70H bass trombone with tuning in the slide.

The handslide is longer on a 72H to facilitate a low C in tune. The Miraphone contrabass trombone in BBb, complete with giant bell and quad bore slide. This thing is a sound monster. It isn't the easiest thing to play in the world but with some practice you will own the foundation in any brass ensemble, film score or trombone choir. In very good condition with some minor cosmetic blems. Slide action is decent for 4 slide tubes.

This bell section has a newer "dual bore" rotary valve offered from Shires. It is the same valve used on their "Ralph Sauer" model. Plays great and very even on both sides of the horn. Add a slide and you've got yourself a nice trombone! Very nice lightly used Yamaha Yeo Bass Trombone, dependent valves with removable 2nd valve to convert to a single trigger. The bell was damaged and repaired in shipping transit and has a scar.

Otherwise in very good condition. Small ding on valve tubing. This is a very nice playing trombone and comes with the special order. King 2B Plus trombone, these are a. These are really great playing trombones with a big sound, predictable response and versatile color.

Great small bore trombone for players looking for an open blowing jazzer. The 32H is a dual bore. No one makes anything like the 32H anymore. I can't think of a more versatile small bore trombone out there. Works great on mic, in the studio, in a live setting, big band or even principal in the orchestra. This one is a late s vintage and is from the most desirable period of 32H trombone production.

In very good condition, rare to find these with gold brass bell flare and standard weight slide. I've always had a soft spot for the often overlooked Conn 79H. Most players didn't know that this trombone was available, but I think its one of the very best instruments Conn ever made. There is something special about the bell flares on these instruments and the added bonus of having an F attachment is huge.

This one is in very good condition, some minor slide wear and cosmetics from the contact points but overall very clean.

This is a no frills instrument but it gets the job done. Open wrap valve in rose brass, rose brass bell, reversed tuning slide and narrow large bore slide.

Great for someone on a budget or a budding young trombonist. Lightly used Shires orchestral tenor trombone with the popular 7YLW bell flare. Shires Trubore valve section and a TW47 slide. All in excellent like new condition with some minor wear on the valve section and a small dent in the F tuning slide. Very interesting setup, similar to what Ralph Sauer is using. This is a standard 1Y bell, new Shires rotor valve with open wrap and a lightly used T dual bore slide. The slide has a leadpipe that takes a large shank mouthpiece.

This is a great playing trombone, extremely versatile. Very clean Bach 42BOG trombone. Gold brass bell, open wrap valve and lightweight nickel slide. A solid playing trombone from the early s. Very clean Schmelzer Model 1,. Made in Germany by Manfred Schmelzer, this is a top tier jazzer. This one has a gold plated bell section and nickel slide. A really tremendous playing Conn Elkhart 8H from the late s. It's spent its life in Las Vegas playing with many of the legends of music.

Overall in very nice vintage condition and one of the better playing 8Hs I've had come in. This is the famous "Burkle" model 32H trombone, named after its designer Jake Burkle. These are incredibly versatile jazzer trombones that are particularly popular among players accustomed to larger bore trombones and looking for an open blowing jazzer that sounds like a jazzer. The 32H trombone has a. These are fantastic trombones and no one makes anything like it among the modern makers.

Chinese made BBb contrabass trombone based on the Miraphone contra, nearly identical specs. Quality on these has certainly improved. Its not in the same league as the original but at a fraction of the cost, certainly gets the job done.

This one is in very good condition with a decent hardcore. Beautiful late s Conn 6H with the deco engraving. These are highly in demand now, and very hard to find with this engraving and in good condition. The lacquer isn't in great shape and might actually come off when I sonic clean this horn, so no guarantees you'll get it with this patina unless I don't clean it.

Otherwise very nice condition and a tremendous player. One of the most versatile commercial trombones ever made. It has an open wrap 88H bell section with a. Threaded leadpipes and linkage upgrade on the valve. Here's a custom made Conn 8H that was assembled for Alan Kaplan. This one has a special order 8" bell flare and a. For the bargain hunters that lurk on the website, here's a very nice playing 36B that isn't going to win any beauty contests.

If shiny trombones isn't your thing, this might be the medium bore trombone for you! This one has an 8" bell,. Just finished an in house restoration on this vintage 88H. Serial dates it to early Texas production. We've just replaced the inner tubes with new ones. Valve has been serviced and the instrument has had all dents removed and it has been relacquered. It is top notch shape now and is a beauty. We tried a new bell brace design on this one to see how it would turn out and the results are promising.

The core is really something special on this trombone. It projects like crazy! As with all our full conversions: New inner tubes, threaded leadpipe receiver, bell voodoo, open wrap oversized valve section, Brassark seamed tenor slide crook and this one gets a seamed copper MV42 leadpipe. We have about 10 of these out in the world now, and this one is available. Beautiful Giant Alexander BBb tuba with 5 valves. In excellent condition with a Winter hard case.

Plays amazing and throws a lot of sound. Some minor cosmetic blems and a few small dings but overall very clean. A totally unique vintage Holton large tenor trombone with a screw off bell flare.

Great for traveling and also just as a darn good trombone. This instrument has a dual bore. This one is in excellent condition with great slide action and no dents. Some minor cosmetic blems in the lacquer. This is an absolutely stunning vintage trombone, all in glorious Conn red brass. This trombone has a. It is a bit front heavy because there is no counterweight but the clean look of the horn is something to behold.

The sound is velvety and beautiful. It looks like it has been relacquered once a long time ago and done very well. The sound this little trombone puts out is nothing short of unbelievable. This is a tremendous playing little sports car. The model 6vii New York was the most open of all of the model 6 variations and this one is no exception.

This trombone has been around, owned by many prominent players and is now up for sale again. It has small specs: I love the classy look of this beautiful vintage Alexander French Horn. The is the same as the famous model used by tons of hornists around the world. It is all gold brass and the bell is made in the old "gusset" style of fabrication that yields amazingly vibrant bell flares. I think this one is from the late s, guessing from the engraving.

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