Calculate Your Macronutrients
Some groups are modelled on twelve-step programs , while others are quite informal. Retrieved 22 December Obesity increases health risks, including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, to name a few. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Weight loss. Mahayana traditions that follow the Brahma's Net Sutra may recommend that the laity fast "during the six days of fasting each month and the three months of fasting each year" [Brahma's Net Sutra, minor precept 30]. National clinical guideline for diagnosis and management in primary and secondary care".
Popular in Quick Weight Loss
Others may be driven to lose weight to achieve an appearance they consider more attractive. However, being underweight is associated with health risks such as difficulty fighting off infection, osteoporosis , decreased muscle strength, trouble regulating body temperature and even increased risk of death.
Low-calorie diets are also referred to as balanced percentage diets. Due to their minimal detrimental effects, these types of diets are most commonly recommended by nutritionists. In addition to restricting calorie intake, a balanced diet also regulates macronutrient consumption.
Some studies suggest that increased consumption of protein can help ease hunger pangs associated with reduced caloric intake by increasing the feeling of satiety. After reaching the desired body weight, the calories consumed per day may be increased gradually, without exceeding 2, net i.
Combined with increased physical activity, low-calorie diets are thought to be most effective long-term, unlike crash diets , which can achieve short-term results, at best. Physical activity could greatly enhance the efficiency of a diet. The healthiest weight loss regimen, therefore, is one that consists of a balanced diet and moderate physical activity. Weight gain has been associated with excessive consumption of fats , added sugars , refined carbohydrates in general, and alcohol consumption.
A study found that dieters who got a full night's sleep lost more than twice as much fat as sleep-deprived dieters. Though hypothesized that supplementation of vitamin D may help, studies do not support this. According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans those who achieve and manage a healthy weight do so most successfully by being careful to consume just enough calories to meet their needs, and being physically active.
Food and Drug Administration FDA , healthy individuals seeking to maintain their weight should consume 2, calories 8. The least intrusive weight loss methods, and those most often recommended, are adjustments to eating patterns and increased physical activity, generally in the form of exercise.
The World Health Organization recommended that people combine a reduction of processed foods high in saturated fats, sugar and salt  and caloric content of the diet with an increase in physical activity. An increase in fiber intake is also recommended for regulating bowel movements.
Other methods of weight loss include use of drugs and supplements that decrease appetite , block fat absorption, or reduce stomach volume. Bariatric surgery may be indicated in cases of severe obesity. Two common bariatric surgical procedures are gastric bypass and gastric banding.
Dietary supplements , though widely used, are not considered a healthy option for weight loss. Virtual gastric band uses hypnosis to make the brain think the stomach is smaller than it really is and hence lower the amount of food ingested.
This brings as a consequence weight reduction. This method is complemented with psychological treatment for anxiety management and with hypnopedia. Research has been conducted into the use of hypnosis as a weight management alternative.
In order for weight loss to be permanent, changes in diet and lifestyle must be permanent as well. Short-term dieting has not been shown to produce either long term weight loss or better health, and may even be counterproductive.
There is a substantial market for products which promise to make weight loss easier, quicker, cheaper, more reliable, or less painful. These include books, DVDs, CDs, cremes, lotions, pills, rings and earrings, body wraps, body belts and other materials, fitness centers , clinics, personal coaches , weight loss groups , and food products and supplements.
About 70 percent of Americans' dieting attempts are of a self-help nature. Unintentional weight loss may result from loss of body fats, loss of body fluids, muscle atrophy , or even a combination of these. Unintentional weight loss can occur because of an inadequately nutritious diet relative to a person's energy needs generally called malnutrition.
Disease processes, changes in metabolism, hormonal changes, medications or other treatments, disease- or treatment-related dietary changes, or reduced appetite associated with a disease or treatment can also cause unintentional weight loss. Continuing weight loss may deteriorate into wasting, a vaguely defined condition called cachexia.
This leads to a condition called anorexia cachexia syndrome ACS and additional nutrition or supplementation is unlikely to help. Serious weight loss may reduce quality of life, impair treatment effectiveness or recovery, worsen disease processes and be a risk factor for high mortality rates.
In addition, malnutrition can lead to vitamin and other deficiencies and to inactivity, which in turn may pre-dispose to other problems, such as pressure sores. Unintentional weight loss can be the characteristic leading to diagnosis of diseases such as cancer  and type 1 diabetes. Disease-related malnutrition can be considered in four categories: Inability to eat can result from: Eating restrictions may also be imposed as part of treatment or investigations.
Lack of food can result from: Medical treatment can directly or indirectly cause weight loss, impairing treatment effectiveness and recovery that can lead to further weight loss in a vicious cycle.
Many patients will be in pain and have a loss of appetite after surgery. Early post-operative nutrition is a part of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocols. Some medications can cause weight loss,  while others can cause weight gain. Social conditions such as poverty, social isolation and inability to get or prepare preferred foods can cause unintentional weight loss, and this may be particularly common in older people.
Loss of hope, status or social contact and spiritual distress can cause depression, which may be associated with reduced nutrition, as can fatigue. Some popular beliefs attached to weight loss have been shown to either have less effect on weight loss as commonly believed or are actively unhealthy. According to Harvard Health, the idea of metabolism being the "key to weight" is "part truth and part myth" as while metabolism does affect weight loss, external forces such as diet and exercise have an equal effect.
Obesity increases health risks, including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, to name a few. Reduction of obesity lowers those risks. A 1-kg loss of body weight has been associated with an approximate 1-mm Hg drop in blood pressure. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Weight loss disambiguation.
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