For protection status determination
In addition, the negative consequences of iron-deficiency anaemia on the cognitive and physical development of children and on physical performance - particularly the work productivity of adults - are major concerns. This indicator has been established to measure the proportion of mothers receiving breastfeeding counselling, support or messages. To increase resilience, physical investments will be financed to address short-term infrastructure weaknesses, coupled with a contingent credit line to safeguard against immediate fiscal impacts of a disaster. Ayurveda says that both oil and tar can be used to stop bleeding,  and that traumatic bleeding can be stopped by four different methods: World Public Health Nutrition Association. The card is re-usable by topping up to the desired value. Tests to measure haemoglobin levels are easy to administer.
Political uncertainty is the key risk to an otherwise favorable medium-term outlook. External risks include lower growth in key countries that generate foreign exchange inflows to Sri Lanka. Steeper than expected global financial conditions would increase the cost of debt. It will also make rolling over the Eurobonds maturing from more difficult. Faster than expected rises in commodity prices would increase pressure on the balance of payments and make domestic fuel and electricity price reforms more difficult.
On the fiscal and debt management front, risks include the delay in implementing revenue and liability management measures, and slower than expected improvement in tax administration.
The increasing occurrence and impact of natural disasters could adversely impact growth, the fiscal budget, the external sector and poverty reduction.
Sri Lanka faces several challenges that increasingly put its future economic growth and stability at risk, which must be addressed through macro and structural reforms: Although in many ways it is a development success story, Sri Lanka still faces critical challenges as it strives to become an upper middle-income country.
There is also a focus on seizing green growth opportunities, improving environmental management and adapting to, and mitigating, the impact of climate change.
Strengthening governance is a cross-cutting challenge. The World Bank is supporting government reforms aimed at addressing these constraints. Urban operations account for 21 percent of the overall portfolio, followed by water The education 13 percent and health 10 percent sectors also continue to be core sectors for Bank support.
The World Bank has provided a mix of financing — investment project, development policy, and program-for-results — to meet the development needs. Support for improving living standards in the lagging regions, including the conflict-affected areas of the Northern and Eastern regions, and strengthening education and training systems are viewed as indispensable to promoting social inclusion.
The Bank continues to provide policy advice, analytical support and technical assistance, funded both through trust funds and its own budget, to assist government efforts on fiscal reform, the governance and efficiency of public enterprises, pension reform, trade and competitiveness, and sustainable urban development. By working closely with the private sector, the government, and the World Bank, IFC focuses on facilitating inclusive growth by attracting private sector finance.
IFC in Sri Lanka addresses key development gaps by focusing on financial and social inclusion, infrastructure, productivity, and sustainability. To foster inclusion, IFC is working on increasing access to finance, especially to SMEs and women, and seeking opportunities to help expand quality healthcare, affordable housing, and training and education for skills development. However, the Agency stands ready to consider productive projects, across sectors, as appropriate opportunities emerge.
The primary education net enrollment rate is 99 percent and the primary education completion rate is over 95 percent. Gender parity in the education system is high compared with many other South Asian countries, with an equal proportion of girls and boys enrolled in primary education and a slightly higher number of girls than boys in secondary education. The World Bank is helping the development of human capital across all levels of education and training.
The Sri Lanka Early Childhood Development Project will increase the ability of children from disadvantaged households to access early learning opportunities. World Bank assistance to the general education sector will be strengthened through a new General Education Modernization project which is expected to commence in mid This project will enhance quality and strengthen the stewardship of the general education system.
It will also contribute to improve learning outcomes in English and Mathematics, and enhance teacher performance. The Accelerating Higher Education Expansion and Development AHEAD Operation is new in the higher education sector and will help the country to increase enrollment in priority disciplines for economic development, improve the quality of degree programs, and promote research and innovation.
For at least 50 years it has achieved much better outcomes in maternal and child health and infectious disease control than would have been predicted by its income level. The remarkable success in reducing maternal and infant mortality to very low levels 30 per , and 8 per 1, live births, respectively in the last half-century is in part due to effective and integrated maternal and child health services.
The project is also supporting innovation, results monitoring, and capacity building in the health sector. The project supports the achievement of 20 results a subset of the National Health Development Plan results. So far, after three years of implementation and results reporting , several third-year targets have been met or surpassed.
Sustainable growth and long-term prosperity are expected to result from a more balanced distribution of economic opportunity, which in addition to Colombo also includes other major urban centers such as Kandy, Galle, and Jaffna.
The World Bank is supporting Sri Lanka to implement its urbanization and rural-urban integration agenda. The Metro Colombo Urban Development Project MCUDP , approved in , is assisting the Colombo Metropolitan Region to upgrade basic urban infrastructure and to implement an innovative integrated urban flood control and urban wetland management approach.
In addition, the project rehabilitated the Town Square and Viharamahadevi Park, which included the creation of playgrounds, bicycle paths and public facilities.
The Strategic Cities Development Project and the Additional Financing to the project approved in May are expanding the approach to urban infrastructure upgrading to Kandy, Galle and Jaffna—three strategic city regions in the center, south, and north—and supporting investments in urban water supply, sewage and drainage systems, cultural heritage rehabilitation, urban transport and traffic management, among other areas.
To increase resilience, physical investments will be financed to address short-term infrastructure weaknesses, coupled with a contingent credit line to safeguard against immediate fiscal impacts of a disaster. All activities in the program are underscored by a strong focus on gender, youth, disability and poverty.
Specifically, the program intends to enhance the trade and competitiveness of the private sector as a way to support private-sector led growth, increase economic diversification and enhance the volume and value addition of exports via the following areas:.
Working with larger-scale farming systems is one of many tools to promote sustainable agricultural and rural development, but this must be done right. Large-scale land acquisitions should not disadvantage smallholder farmers who depend on land for their livelihoods, or compromise the rights of local communities.
The World Bank Group does not support speculative land investments or acquisitions that take advantage of weak institutions in developing countries or which disregard principles of responsible agricultural investment.
The Bank is also working to pilot the Principles of Responsible Agricultural Investment, which will contribute to the two-year consultation process of the Committee on World Food Security.
Some emerging issues of great policy and financial interest to clients transcend national or regional dimensions, and are consistent with the special role of the WBG as an institution that is multilateral, multiregional, multisectoral and multidimensional, offering both financing and knowledge products. This comparative advantage is relevant to cases as diverse as dealing with the drivers and impacts of the food price crisis, dealing with migratory fish stocks or inter-regional knowledge exchange as on food safety.
Some global partnerships focus on building technical consensus on how to proceed with large amounts of technical consultations and assistance, and others focus on increasing the financial input to specific types of solutions through recipient-executed projects.
The World Bank Group has increasingly forged partnerships of both sorts to address global issues in agriculture that complement our country-level support through: Agricultural production and food security: In addition to the rapid response GFRP, the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program GAFSP was launched to address funding gaps in longer-term agriculture and food security strategic investment plans already being developed by countries in consultation with donors and other stakeholders.
All new agricultural project proposals are being evaluated at entry for potential to include explicit nutritional outcomes. The World Bank supports critical global public goods by funding and collaborating with CGIAR, a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research with the funders of this work to reduce rural poverty, increase food security, improve nutrition and health, and sustainably manage natural resources.
CGIA R is a leader in climate-smart agriculture and produces cutting-edge science to develop innovative solutions, tools, and technologies to meet the needs of poor smallholder farmers in developing countries. To improve governance and sustainable livelihoods in the fisheries sector, the World Bank, in association with key donors and stakeholders, established the Global Partnership for Oceans and the Alliance for Responsible Fisheries. Addressing animal disease and improved land tenure are two critical aspects of securing the assets of the rural poor.
Globalization of the food supply has resulted in food safety risks being widely extended beyond domestic borders and has serious implications for public health and trade. The World Bank is working to coordinate partnership activities, in order to increase financing of and improve the governance and positive impacts of forest sector activities. The FFF aims to promote partnerships among national governments, civil society organizations, development and financing agencies, and the private sector in support of sustainable forest management at the landscape level and create a platform for civil society to engage in national forest policy formulation.
The Bank also participates, as one of multiple multilateral development banks, in the delivery of Climate Investment Funds , such as the Forestry Investment Program , and hosts the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility.
The World Bank plays a critical role in reaching the rural poor and hungry through using agriculture for development. A concrete example demonstrates what is at stake. Malathi Devi is a year old mother of five children, three sons and two daughters, from the village of Aima in Bihar India. Like most women of the Musahar community, a landless group of people traditionally dependent on forests who now work as casual laborers, Malathi was married at around 10 years of age.
Malathi used to cultivate her tiny land of 0. But the farming season lasts for only about three months out of the year. During non-farming months, she would seek casual jobs on construction sites or brick making factories as most people from Musahar communities do. With her hopes high, she also acquired 0. Based on technical support from a non-governmental organization working in partnership with the Bihar Rural Livelihoods Project, Malathi chose better rice seeds and fertilizers.
The yield was 60 percent more using SRI than the traditional method before. Now Malathi has food security year round and additional cash in hand. You have clicked on a link to a page that is not part of the beta version of the new worldbank. Will you take two minutes to complete a brief survey that will help us to improve our website?
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Working for a World Free of Poverty. Sector Results Profile April 2, Tweet Share Share LinkedIn. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical needs: The fundamental needs to boost productivity, especially of smallholders, increase access to markets, reduce risks, boost rural employment, and provide environmental services come in a context where agriculture is challenged by accelerating climate change, increased market risk, tightening resource constraints, a growing need for engagement of the private sector in delivering agricultural public goods, too-slow progress on raising rural incomes in some regions, and too-slow progress on improving nutrition, especially for women and infants.
Solution The World Bank Group, in consultation with its clients, has committed to a significant expansion in support of agriculture. Some examples of projects supported by IBRD include: Some examples IDA-support projects include: Beneficiaries The World Bank plays a critical role in reaching the rural poor and hungry through using agriculture for development.
Sector Results Profile Report: World Development Report Agriculture for Development Brief: Land and Food Security Website: