Donald Rumsfeld and the Strange History of Aspartame

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Bakers add amylase to bread dough to supplement the small amount found naturally in wheat flour. The chunks of imitation meat are nutritious, but the prepared foods in which they are used may be high in fat or salt. By varying the proportions of normal and fully hydrogenated oil, companies can obtain oils that have the desired consistency. Monk Fruit This fruit-based sweetener has no calories but is between — times sweeter than sugar. Modern food-manufacturing technology, which involves rollers, blenders, and containers made of metal, results in trace amounts of metal contamination in food.

What is it?

What is Aspartame?

Just before the Conference, I received a FAX from Norway, asking for a possible antidote for this poison because they are experiencing so many problems in their country. This poison is now available in 90 PLUS countries worldwide. Fortunately, we had speakers and ambassadors at the Conference from different nations who have pledged their help. We ask that you help too. Print this article out and warn everyone you know.

Take anything that contains aspartame back to the store. I have been requested by the FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research to respond to your request for an evaluation of the article received via an e-mail message on the alleged toxicities of the artificial sweetener, aspartame.

I have worked on questions relating to the safety of aspartame repeatedly since and am familiar with the safety studies that have been conducted to support the safety of this food additive. There were well over separate toxicological and clinical studies conducted to establish the safety of aspartame before it was approved for regulatory acceptance.

Since its approval in by the USFDA, there have been many additional studies performed to follow up on some of the more creditable reports of aspartame- mediated adverse effects. Below I have tried to succinctly respond to certain of the allegations of toxicity proposed in the e-mail message. First, reports of the ingestion of aspartame in patients who later have suffered multiple sclerosis or systemic lupus is obviously not scientifically sustainable evidence that aspartame is responsible for the occurrence of either disease.

Both of these disorders are subject to spontaneous remissions and exacerbations so it is entirely possible that when patients stopped using aspartame they might have also coincidentally have had remission of their symptoms. There is no credible evidence that I am aware of that suggests that aspartame elicits multiple sclerosis or systemic lupus.

Second, the claim that aspartame ingestion results in the production of methanol, formaldehyde and formate: These claims are factual. In the gastrointestinal tract aspartame is hydrolyzed to one of its component materials, methanol, as well as the two amino acids, phenylalanine and aspartic acid. This methanol is taken up by the cells of the body and metabolized first to formaldehyde and then to formate. The key information that is missing in the description by Ms.

Markle is that the levels of ingestion are very modest. In fact, there are other foodstuffs that we ingest that supply as much and sometimes even more methanol; e.

There are even higher quantities of methanol ingested when ethanol is consumed. Thus, in the final analysis this methanol is the same as from other sources and in the quantities consumed from aspartame, it is readily and naturally metabolized via the one-carbon biochemical cycle to entirely innocuous and natural body components.

Third, the claim that the two amino acids, phenylalanine and aspartic acid have neurotoxic effects. This is true in certain individuals and in high enough doses. The only subpopulation of individuals potentially susceptible to adverse effects from phenylalanine is homozygous phenylketonurics and in this case, food itself with much higher levels of phenylalanine from the protein in the diets contributes much higher toxicity for these unfortunate individuals.

For those individual phenylketonurics that want to carefully control their intake levels of phenylalanine, they can do that by simply taking into consideration the amount of phenylalanine supplied by the aspartame product or, even more likely, simply refraining from use of these products.

The USFDA requires that the aspartame product be labeled specially for phenylketonurics patients so that they will be aware of its presence in these products. In fact, it is not clear that the experimentally derived data from animals is relevant to man.

In any case, the levels of aspartic acid intake from aspartame are many fold below those needed to mediate neurologic effects. On this website I attempt to approach the subject of this small, two amino-acid peptide in an objective manner by providing some of the scientific data regarding this familiar food additive. Aspartame has been studied by the FDA since the sixties; well before it was approved for use by the public.

Chemists were working on producing an inhibitor for the gastrointestinal hormone gastrin, and had accidentally spilled some of the intermediate chemicals on their hands. Any product that is approved for use by the general public can and should be subject to investigation so that any and all reported side-effects can be examined. This is why all products that are approved for use by the FDA undergo extensive premarket evaluations. Those products that demonstrate significant side-effects must have warning labels for any possible harmful effects from consuming it.

One such site is http: The ARMS has worked with the CDC for decades to gather a database of information on the numerous reported complaints from individuals who have used aspartame. After a report broadcasted by CBS in on the allegations against aspartame, the number of complaints sky-rocketed.

It was clear that more research was required. There has been an enormous amount of scientific inquiry into aspartame, and only a very small fraction of this research is referred to on this site.

A great deal of this research is available in the various legitimate scientific journals published in America. Many of the dozens of symptoms and illness reportedly caused by aspartame consumption have been addressed in this research, and many of the claims against aspartame have been rejected as coincidental or untrue.

Through the years the number of complaints has leveled off to about per year. Aspartame is probably the most intensively studied food additive in history. Because it is still considered safe by the FDA, it remains on the market in the United States and is consumed by millions every day. Possibly the most common symptom affecting the American population, headaches, in one form or another, affect millions of Americans every year. Many reported complaints from aspartame users involve headaches.

In response to this, many experiments have been performed to ascertain the possible link between the artificial sweetener and headaches. One of the most thorough experiments was performed by Schiffman, Buckley, and colleges published in the N. England Journal of Medicine. People who are taking medications for schizophrenia should also avoid aspartame. People with PKU have too much phenylalanine in their blood.

Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid found in protein sources such as meat, fish, eggs, and dairy products. If you have this condition, aspartame is highly toxic.

Tardive dyskinesia TD is thought to be a side effect of some schizophrenia medications. The phenylalanine in aspartame may precipitate the uncontrolled muscle movements of TD. Research is ongoing to confirm or invalidate connections between these ailments and aspartame, but currently there is still inconsistent outcomes in studies.

Some research reports increased risk, symptoms or disease acceleration, while others report no negative outcomes with aspartame intake. When it comes to diabetes and weight loss, one of the first steps many people take is to cut empty calories from their diets. This often includes sugar. Aspartame has both pros and cons when considering diabetes and obesity. First, the Mayo Clinic states that, in general, artificial sweeteners may be beneficial for those with diabetes.

Sweeteners may also help weight loss efforts, but this is usually only the case if you consume a lot of sugar-containing products before trying to lose weight.

Switching from sugary products to those containing artificial sweeteners may also reduce the risk of cavities and tooth decay. According to a PLoS One study , rats that were fed aspartame had lower body masses overall. One caveat to the results was that these same rats also had more gut bacteria as well as increased blood sugar. This increase in blood glucose was also linked to insulin resistance. The research is far from conclusive about how aspartame and other nonnutritive sweeteners affect these diseases and others.

The controversy over aspartame continues. Before you switch back to sugar which is high in calories and has no nutritional value , you can consider natural alternatives to aspartame. You may try sweetening foods and beverages with:. Like sugar, natural alternatives to aspartame can contain a lot of calories with little to no nutritional value.

Public concern over aspartame remains alive and well today. Due to heavy criticism, many people have taken steps to avoid artificial sweeteners altogether. Still, the consumption of aspartame by people conscious about their sugar intake continues to soar. When it comes to aspartame, your best bet — as with sugar and other sweeteners — is to consume it in limited amounts.

Adopting a no-sugar diet plan may not be as difficult as you think - and the potential health benefits are limitless.

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