Brock to Adam D. Implications for primate evolution. Psychology of Sports, Exercise, and Fitness: Insights from phylogenetic retrofitting and molecular scaffolds". Reptilian skin is covered in a horny epidermis , making it watertight and enabling reptiles to live on dry land, in contrast to amphibians. It has largely been abandoned by recent researchers: Two major groups of reptile predators are birds and other reptiles, both of which have well developed color vision.
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Tegu lizards are known to possess a proto- diaphragm , which separates the pulmonary cavity from the visceral cavity. While not actually capable of movement, it does allow for greater lung inflation, by taking the weight of the viscera off the lungs.
Crocodilians actually have a muscular diaphragm that is analogous to the mammalian diaphragm. The difference is that the muscles for the crocodilian diaphragm pull the pubis part of the pelvis, which is movable in crocodilians back, which brings the liver down, thus freeing space for the lungs to expand. This type of diaphragmatic setup has been referred to as the " hepatic piston ".
The airways form a number of double tubular chambers within each lung. On inhalation and exhalation air moves through the airways in the same direction, thus creating a unidirectional airflow through the lungs. A similar system is found in birds,  monitor lizards  and iguanas. Most reptiles lack a secondary palate , meaning that they must hold their breath while swallowing.
Crocodilians have evolved a bony secondary palate that allows them to continue breathing while remaining submerged and protect their brains against damage by struggling prey. Skinks family Scincidae also have evolved a bony secondary palate, to varying degrees. Snakes took a different approach and extended their trachea instead.
Their tracheal extension sticks out like a fleshy straw, and allows these animals to swallow large prey without suffering from asphyxiation. How turtles and tortoises breathe has been the subject of much study. To date, only a few species have been studied thoroughly enough to get an idea of how those turtles breathe. The varied results indicate that turtles and tortoises have found a variety of solutions to this problem. The difficulty is that most turtle shells are rigid and do not allow for the type of expansion and contraction that other amniotes use to ventilate their lungs.
Some turtles, such as the Indian flapshell Lissemys punctata , have a sheet of muscle that envelops the lungs.
When it contracts, the turtle can exhale. When at rest, the turtle can retract the limbs into the body cavity and force air out of the lungs. When the turtle protracts its limbs, the pressure inside the lungs is reduced, and the turtle can suck air in. Turtle lungs are attached to the inside of the top of the shell carapace , with the bottom of the lungs attached via connective tissue to the rest of the viscera.
By using a series of special muscles roughly equivalent to a diaphragm , turtles are capable of pushing their viscera up and down, resulting in effective respiration, since many of these muscles have attachment points in conjunction with their forelimbs indeed, many of the muscles expand into the limb pockets during contraction. Breathing during locomotion has been studied in three species, and they show different patterns. Adult female green sea turtles do not breathe as they crutch along their nesting beaches.
They hold their breath during terrestrial locomotion and breathe in bouts as they rest. North American box turtles breathe continuously during locomotion, and the ventilation cycle is not coordinated with the limb movements.
The last species to have been studied is the red-eared slider, which also breathes during locomotion, but takes smaller breaths during locomotion than during small pauses between locomotor bouts, indicating that there may be mechanical interference between the limb movements and the breathing apparatus.
Box turtles have also been observed to breathe while completely sealed up inside their shells. Reptilian skin is covered in a horny epidermis , making it watertight and enabling reptiles to live on dry land, in contrast to amphibians.
Compared to mammalian skin, that of reptiles is rather thin and lacks the thick dermal layer that produces leather in mammals. In lepidosaurians , such as lizards and snakes, the whole skin is covered in overlapping epidermal scales.
Such scales were once thought to be typical of the class Reptilia as a whole, but are now known to occur only in lepidosaurians. Lacking a thick dermis, reptilian leather is not as strong as mammalian leather.
It is used in leather-wares for decorative purposes for shoes, belts and handbags, particularly crocodile skin. Reptiles shed their skin through a process called ecdysis which occurs continuously throughout their lifetime. In particular, younger reptiles tend to shed once every 5—6 weeks while adults shed times a year. Once full size, the frequency of shedding drastically decreases. The process of ecdysis involves forming a new layer of skin under the old one.
Proteolytic enzymes and lymphatic fluid is secreted between the old and new layers of skin. Consequently, this lifts the old skin from the new one allowing shedding to occur. Traumatic injuries on the other hand, form scars that will not allow new scales to form and disrupt the process of ecdysis. Excretion is performed mainly by two small kidneys. In diapsids, uric acid is the main nitrogenous waste product; turtles, like mammals , excrete mainly urea.
Unlike the kidneys of mammals and birds, reptile kidneys are unable to produce liquid urine more concentrated than their body fluid. This is because they lack a specialized structure called a loop of Henle , which is present in the nephrons of birds and mammals.
Because of this, many reptiles use the colon to aid in the reabsorption of water. Some are also able to take up water stored in the bladder.
Excess salts are also excreted by nasal and lingual salt glands in some reptiles. In all reptiles the urinogenital ducts and the anus both empty into an organ called a cloaca. In some reptiles, a midventral wall in the cloaca may open into a urinary bladder, but not all. It is present in all turtles and tortoises as well as most lizards, but is lacking in the monitor lizard , the legless lizards.
It is absent in the snakes, alligators, and crocodiles. Many turtles, tortoises, and lizards have proportionally very large bladders. Turtles have two or more accessory urinary bladders, located lateral to the neck of the urinary bladder and dorsal to the pubis, occupying a significant portion of their body cavity. The right section is located under the liver, which prevents large stones from remaining in that side while the left section is more likely to have calculi. Most reptiles are insectivorous or carnivorous and have simple and comparatively short digestive tracts due to meat being fairly simple to break down and digest.
Digestion is slower than in mammals , reflecting their lower resting metabolism and their inability to divide and masticate their food. While modern reptiles are predominantly carnivorous, during the early history of reptiles several groups produced some herbivorous megafauna: Herbivorous reptiles face the same problems of mastication as herbivorous mammals but, lacking the complex teeth of mammals, many species swallow rocks and pebbles so called gastroliths to aid in digestion: The rocks are washed around in the stomach, helping to grind up plant matter.
The reptilian nervous system contains the same basic part of the amphibian brain, but the reptile cerebrum and cerebellum are slightly larger. Most typical sense organs are well developed with certain exceptions, most notably the snake 's lack of external ears middle and inner ears are present. There are twelve pairs of cranial nerves. Reptiles are generally considered less intelligent than mammals and birds. Larger lizards, like the monitors , are known to exhibit complex behavior, including cooperation.
The Komodo dragon is even known to engage in play,  as are turtles, which are also considered to be social creatures, [ citation needed ] and sometimes switch between monogamy and promiscuity in their sexual behavior. Most reptiles are diurnal animals. The vision is typically adapted to daylight conditions, with color vision and more advanced visual depth perception than in amphibians and most mammals. In some species, such as blind snakes , vision is reduced.
Some snakes have extra sets of visual organs in the loosest sense of the word in the form of pits sensitive to infrared radiation heat. Such heat-sensitive pits are particularly well developed in the pit vipers , but are also found in boas and pythons. These pits allow the snakes to sense the body heat of birds and mammals, enabling pit vipers to hunt rodents in the dark. Reptiles generally reproduce sexually , though some are capable of asexual reproduction.
Most reptiles have copulatory organs , which are usually retracted or inverted and stored inside the body. In turtles and crocodilians, the male has a single median penis , while squamates, including snakes and lizards, possess a pair of hemipenes , only one of which is typically used in each session.
Tuatara, however, lack copulatory organs, and so the male and female simply press their cloacas together as the male discharges sperm.
Most reptiles lay amniotic eggs covered with leathery or calcareous shells. An amnion , chorion , and allantois are present during embryonic life. The eggshell 1 protects the crocodile embryo 11 and keeps it from drying out, but it is flexible to allow gas exchange. The chorion 6 aids in gas exchange between the inside and outside of the egg. It allows carbon dioxide to exit the egg and oxygen gas to enter the egg.
The albumin 9 further protects the embryo and serves as a reservoir for water and protein. The allantois 8 is a sac that collects the metabolic waste produced by the embryo. The amniotic sac 10 contains amniotic fluid 12 which protects and cushions the embryo.
The amnion 5 aids in osmoregulation and serves as a saltwater reservoir. The yolk sac 2 surrounding the yolk 3 contains protein and fat rich nutrients that are absorbed by the embryo via vessels 4 that allow the embryo to grow and metabolize.
The air space 7 provides the embryo with oxygen while it is hatching. This ensures that the embryo will not suffocate while it is hatching. There are no larval stages of development. Viviparity and ovoviviparity have evolved in many extinct clades of reptiles and in squamates. In the latter group, many species, including all boas and most vipers, utilize this mode of reproduction. The degree of viviparity varies; some species simply retain the eggs until just before hatching, others provide maternal nourishment to supplement the yolk, and yet others lack any yolk and provide all nutrients via a structure similar to the mammalian placenta.
The earliest documented case of viviparity in reptiles is the Early Permian mesosaurs ,  although some individuals or taxa in that clade may also have been oviparous because a putative isolated egg has also been found.
Several groups of Mesozoic marine reptiles also exhibited viviparity, such as mosasaurs , ichthyosaurs , and Sauropterygia , a group that include pachypleurosaurs and Plesiosauria. Asexual reproduction has been identified in squamates in six families of lizards and one snake. In some species of squamates, a population of females is able to produce a unisexual diploid clone of the mother. This form of asexual reproduction, called parthenogenesis , occurs in several species of gecko , and is particularly widespread in the teiids especially Aspidocelis and lacertids Lacerta.
In captivity, Komodo dragons Varanidae have reproduced by parthenogenesis. Parthenogenetic species are suspected to occur among chameleons , agamids , xantusiids , and typhlopids. Some reptiles exhibit temperature-dependent sex determination TDSD , in which the incubation temperature determines whether a particular egg hatches as male or female.
TDSD is most common in turtles and crocodiles, but also occurs in lizards and tuatara. Many small reptiles, such as snakes and lizards that live on the ground or in the water, are vulnerable to being preyed on by all kinds of carnivorous animals. Thus avoidance is the most common form of defense in reptiles. Reptiles tend to avoid confrontation through camouflage. Two major groups of reptile predators are birds and other reptiles, both of which have well developed color vision.
Thus the skins of many reptiles have cryptic coloration of plain or mottled gray, green, and brown to allow them to blend into the background of their natural environment. When camouflage fails to protect them, blue-tongued skinks will try to ward off attackers by displaying their blue tongues, and the frill-necked lizard will display its brightly colored frill.
These same displays are used in territorial disputes and during courtship. Rattlesnakes rapidly vibrate the tip of the tail, which is composed of a series of nested, hollow beads to ward of approaching danger. In contrast to the normal drab coloration of most reptiles, the lizards of the genus Heloderma the Gila monster and the beaded lizard and many of the coral snakes have high-contrast warning coloration, warning potential predators they are venomous.
Camouflage does not always fool a predator. When caught out, snake species adopt different defensive tactics and use a complicated set of behaviors when attacked. Some first elevate their head and spread out the skin of their neck in an effort to look large and threatening. Failure of this strategy may lead to other measures practiced particularly by cobras, vipers, and closely related species, which use venom to attack.
The venom is modified saliva, delivered through fangs from a venom gland. When a crocodilian is concerned about its safety, it will gape to expose the teeth and yellow tongue.
If this doesn't work, the crocodilian gets a little more agitated and typically begins to make hissing sounds. After this, the crocodilian will start to change its posture dramatically to make itself look more intimidating.
The body is inflated to increase apparent size. If absolutely necessary it may decide to attack an enemy. Some species try to bite immediately. Some will use their heads as sledgehammers and literally smash an opponent, some will rush or swim toward the threat from a distance, even chasing the opponent onto land or galloping after it. Many species also possess canine -like teeth. These are used primarily for seizing prey, but are also used in fighting and display.
Geckos , skinks , and other lizards that are captured by the tail will shed part of the tail structure through a process called autotomy and thus be able to flee. The detached tail will continue to wiggle, creating a deceptive sense of continued struggle and distracting the predator's attention from the fleeing prey animal. The detached tails of leopard geckos can wiggle for up to 20 minutes. In the shingleback skink and some species of geckos, the tail is short and broad and resembles the head, so that the predators may attack it rather than the more vulnerable front part.
Reptiles that are capable of shedding their tails can partially regenerate them over a period of weeks. The new section will however contain cartilage rather than bone, and will never grow to the same length as the original tail. It is often also distinctly discolored compared to the rest of the body and may lack some of the external sculpting features seen in the original tail.
Dinosaurs have been widely depicted in culture since the English palaeontologist Richard Owen coined the name dinosaur in As soon as , the Crystal Palace Dinosaurs were on display to the public in south London. The depictions range from the realistic, as in the television documentaries of the s and first decade of the 21st century, or the fantastic, as in the monster movies of the s and s.
The snake or serpent has played a powerful symbolic role in different cultures. In Egyptian history , the Nile cobra adorned the crown of the pharaoh. It was worshipped as one of the gods and was also used for sinister purposes: In Greek mythology snakes are associated with deadly antagonists, as a chthonic symbol, roughly translated as earthbound.
The nine-headed Lernaean Hydra that Hercules defeated and the three Gorgon sisters are children of Gaia , the earth. Medusa was one of the three Gorgon sisters who Perseus defeated.
Medusa is described as a hideous mortal, with snakes instead of hair and the power to turn men to stone with her gaze. After killing her, Perseus gave her head to Athena who fixed it to her shield called the Aegis.
The Titans are depicted in art with their legs replaced by bodies of snakes for the same reason: They are children of Gaia, so they are bound to the earth. The cobra is seen on the neck of Shiva , while Vishnu is depicted often as sleeping on a seven-headed snake or within the coils of a serpent. There are temples in India solely for cobras sometimes called Nagraj King of Snakes , and it is believed that snakes are symbols of fertility.
In the annual Hindu festival of Nag Panchami , snakes are venerated and prayed to. The turtle has a prominent position as a symbol of steadfastness and tranquility in religion, mythology, and folklore from around the world.
Deaths from snakebites are uncommon in many parts of the world, but are still counted in tens of thousands per year in India. To produce antivenom, a mixture of the venoms of different species of snake is injected into the body of a horse in ever-increasing dosages until the horse is immunized.
Blood is then extracted; the serum is separated, purified and freeze-dried. Geckos have also been used as medicine, especially in China. Crocodiles are protected in many parts of the world, and are farmed commercially. Their hides are tanned and used to make leather goods such as shoes and handbags ; crocodile meat is also considered a delicacy. Farming has resulted in an increase in the saltwater crocodile population in Australia , as eggs are usually harvested from the wild, so landowners have an incentive to conserve their habitat.
Crocodile leather is made into wallets, briefcases, purses, handbags, belts, hats, and shoes. Crocodile oil has been used for various purposes. In the Western world, some snakes especially docile species such as the ball python and corn snake are kept as pets. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 14 August For other uses, see Reptile disambiguation. List of reptiles and List of snakes. Venom and Evolution of snake venom. Evolution of the Vertebrates 2nd ed.
John Wiley and Sons Inc. Journal of Experimental Biology. Laurin, Michel and Gauthier, Jacques A.: Lizards Windows to the Evolution of Diversity.
University of California Press. The Phylogeny and Classification of the Tetrapods. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Retrieved 4 February The University of Chicago Press.
Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: Retrieved September 22, Nouveau Dictionnaire à Histoire Naturelle, xxiv. The Structure and Classification of the Mammalia. Hunterian lectures, presented in Medical Times and Gazette, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. The Royal Natural History: Retrieved March 25, The Variety of Life. Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History. University of Chicago Press. Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Vertebrate Palaeontology 3rd ed.
Vertebrate Palaeontology 4th ed. Insights from phylogenetic retrofitting and molecular scaffolds". Journal of Evolutionary Biology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.
Molecular Biology and Evolution. Retrieved December 31, Cytogenetic and Genome Research. Archived from the original on June 4, La Trobe University, Melbourne.
Journal of the Geological Society. Archived from the original on July 16, Retrieved March 16, Blackwell Science , Oxford, UK. Neto and Pedro L. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Journal of Molecular Biology. Regards and Best Wishes.
Neither of these family members emigrated to the US as did their children. Any help would be greatly appreciated. My father John Imperatore, Jr. I'd like to get my relatives names, addresses and email addresses so I can correspond with them in the Italian language. All I need is an http world wide web URL. MY name is Giulietta Komowska. I am looking after my father Giancristoforo Franco. He live in Castelfrentano Chieti. I was born in Piotrkow Kujawski. I looking for any info about him.
Please help me to kontakt with him. My address is Giulietta Komowska vintrosagatan14 Bandhagen -Sweden or my tel. Her name then was Maria Vincenza Soricone. Her parents died in the earthquake, as did 3 of 4 residents of the town at the time. I visited Pescina in May, I would be interested in communicating with anyone with tips as how to get more information about former residents.
We visited the town cemetery, but were unable to learn much because of the language challenge. Her mother's maiden name was Pera. The town is in a pretty setting, but obviously very poor to this day. It appears to have been established hundreds if not more than a thousand years before, with ancient ruins just above town on a steep hillside.
It was a pleasure to read the messages from the people from Fossacesia and Lanciano, since I was born in Fossacesia also. I came to Canada in November, , on the ship " Olympia ". I would love to hear from people who came on the same ship as I did.
I have been back to Fossacesia only three times. I love it there, especially in the summer. My favourite pastime is playing the accordion. I play for the Club Roma choir in St. If you will be there,come and say hello. From what I have been told - he emigrated with his brother leaving behind a twin sister. I will be travelling to Italy at the end of July and would love to meet anyone who could give me more information on my family history and relative who may still be living there.
Please email me with any information you may have. I am from Caracas Venezuela, but my father is from Silvi. Can someone give me information on a hotel near Roio? Io non sono abruzzese pero' confino con il molise His family had vineyards and olive groves.
He was born around He emigrated to New York in the early 's where he married Maria Rossi who was from the same town. My great grandmother Rossi was a widow who owned a Cantina.
One of Giulia's cousins visited many years ago and said that the family house was still there. Any information will be appreciated. He emigrated to the U. Also looking for any relatives of their's in Italy. My father Felice Libertini was born in Forme in My Grandfather Antonio Libertini was also born in Forme in He was the son of Felice Libertini my great grandfather and Albina Lucci. Antonio had two brothers that I know of; Vincenzo and Luigi.
I believe that the father of Felice was Girolamo Libertini but I am not sure. Finizia Leonetti was born in Castelnuovo in Her mother was Amalia Fliminni. He and his family had lived in Lama dei Peligni in Abruzzo. If you can offer me any information, I would be most appreciative. I believe he had many brothers and sisters. Please, help me to find them! Email me for more information!
They left Italy to seek one's fortune abroad, for themselves and for their children. I live in Campagna in province of Salerno, Italy, to 40 Km from the village where I have born, Castelnuovo di Conza to the boundary with the province of Potenza and Avellino. Also in my family there has stayed and there are relatives that live far from the Italy.
I remember when to the age of 10 years every 15 days my mother dictated me the letter that I wrote for the grandfathers that stayed in Germany. After the Second World War the castelnovesi have emigrated in each part of the world, in Europe and greatly in Venezuela, like my father, my uncle, my grandfather and other relatives.
Years of joys and pains, fortunes and adversities. Today I would want these feelings are always alive in the hearts of those of Italian origin and they don't come forgotten ever. This is possible because I have realized a splendid engraving on wood to hold home, a very handsome reminder the origins of the family and do it know through internet to the wibesite: Copy this email and send it to your friends! Mille grazie for help me to promote this idea, Yours sincerely,.
The flour mill mulino was owned and operated by generations of the De Stefanis family. I don't know if the mulino was geographicaly located in Lettomanoppello or Scafa jurisdiction. It was located in the lavino frequently called le vrich. The mill was powered by the revine river water flow. I have been told that there were severalflour mills in the area-- Lettomanoppello-- Roccamorice-- Scafa.
But they were electrically powered. The flour mill which I am researching was lavino river water flow powered Any help will be appriciated If you have any questions on the "paese" feel free to ask me anytime.
Ciao e auguri a tutti Fossacesiani!!! My brother and I were also born in Gagliano Aterno and hold a dual citizenship. Can you correct that? Also my paternal home is still there. It looks like a life-long dream is about to come true for me.
I'm planning to soon take my wife and kids to Italy. They came to the US soon after they got married in , and they've only been back once since then when they celebrated thier 25th wedding anniversary in Would like information to try and connect with someone from this region via e-mail. Annual Pescocostanzo Picnic in Pittsburgh this year on August 4th. Have many relatives still in these small towns and some family memebrs have children in Canada, Pittsburgh and Cleveland.
I am Michael, the son of Pierina Di Felice. Tanto auguri a mio famiglia Italiano. I have never visited Italy and will be flying to Rome and will definitely visit my ancestors hometown of Ortucchio, L'Aquila. I'm researching my family lineage and am trying to find out about my great-great-grandfather, Constantino Buzzelli, who married a woman named Gaetana don't know her last name , and they were farmers in Castel di Sangro.
They had 2 sons who came to America in the early part of the 20th Century and their names are Edoardo and Raffaele Buzzelli, the latter being my great-grandfather.
Constantino's son Raffaele married a woman named Carmela Capotosto, my great-grandmother. Anyone out there who thinks they may be related or who may have any information on these folks, I'd really love to hear from you! Un abraccio a tutti gli abruzzese!
Received a letter from a cousin recently and am corresponding with her. Again, thanks and I think this is a great site. Any information would be greatly appreciated. Also if you happen to know of any living relatives of either of them please e mail thank you, thomas a.
Any information on our family history will be so helpful. Filippo was married twice possibly to sisters, surname Marasillia?? There were 3 other children, who died young. Any relations out there? We are living in Australia. If you know anything please write back!
No obtuve respuesta por correo. Agradezco toda ayuda posible. Carlo Ciolli, born , mother died when he was 3, raised by the priests at St. Maria Ciolli Fattore, b , unknown siblings in between the two, a brother whose house was blown up by "the men in black hats"??? A niece named Seraphina, and he traveled to America with a cousin named Giuseppe Riccitelli may have been a friend not a relative, we aren't sure traveled aboard the boat America out of Naples.
A Domenico Ciolli still resides at 4 Via Ripa, we have attempted to contact him, but to no avail. Drop me a note with any leads!!
Both my parents were born in Roccamorice, Pescara, Italy. My late father's name is Nunzio He is the first born son of Francesco, who was a son of Antonio D'Angelo. My father's mother's name was Antoniella DeMilo If you share similar roots The family moved to Montreal, Canada in He had a brother Antonio and sisters Filomena and Concetta.
She had two brothers Americo and Luciano. Americo also moved to Montreal. Luciano was a priest in the area. Any information on this family would be greatly appreciated. I'm Italian artist with references in the word wilde, and I'm interested to contact somebody to change or showing in the world wilde. He is my maternal grandfather's brother. I am also interested in the Farchionne family of Roccamorice, relative s of my paternal grandmother, chiara farchione palumbo.
I left Roccamorice in If anyone out there has heard these surnames and can shed some "light" on my research I would love to hear from you!
I have made two trips there and will return in Sep. If any name is familiar contact me as I have a lot of family history. If you go to Italy just once, you must see Abruzzo.
This part of the country is spectacular.. My Grandparents, Mother, In-laws all came from Prov. My family intends to visit Italy this coming year To be Italian for me is an honor. In Memory of my beautiful mother, Splendora Lena Orme. Cualquier dato es de utilidad, quiero conocer esa parte de la familia. Realizo el servicio militar en la Regia Marina lo termino en el año y luego emigro hacia aqui, en donde contrajo enlace matrimonial con Luisa Silvestri quien viajaba en el mismo barco junto a sus padres, Luisa nacio en Udine.
Espero encontrar a parientes o amigos para poder reconstruir mis origenes. Could not reply because you did not leave an email address. My great-grandfather, Cosimo Roberti, came to the U.
He returned to Lentella and came again in He returned again, married Bambina Fabrizio, had a child my grandfather, Antonio Roberti , both of whom he brought to the U. He returned once more and came to the U. I am interested in hearing from anyone in Lentella or elsewhere related to either Cosimo or Bambina. I am not sure. My great grandparents came from Sicily though. I guess I should look around more.
So di avere dei Parenti in Argentina, pero niente Indirizzi. Chi pensa di essere un Parent, contact! Saluto tutti Abruzzesi nel Mondo The site will get rich in the time with new work, that they will also have realized on the base of your applications and on errand. I am a photographer abruzzese and I arrange of a notable file of images of my region; I could elaborate and furnish photos of places, countries and landscapes.
If you record you in the mailing-list you will always have adjourned on the publications and on the events. I want to have contacts with retailers of art and of material of Abruzzo; you for any information could contact me in e-mail. Thank you for the cordial availability. God brought me to this website. I never knew him however The little information I gathered, wants me to find out more about his life. He supposedly arrived to the US through Ellis Island in at the age of My mother was born in and when she was 2 years old, my grandfather disappeared.
During his stay in Buffalo, he was a classical violinist and played with the symphony orchestra. I am sure that he may have remarried and continued his career as a violinist.
I forgot to mention his last name was changed to De Palma, but was Di Palma on the passenger list. I would deeply appreciate anyone who can help or knows the names of ships that arrived from Italy in